CODEC consider lack of education is one of the vital barriers to the socio-economic and political development of underprivileged communities at the coastal belt of Bangladesh since its inception. Education is a vital weapon that can be used to change the society in a very systematic manner. That’s why for the last 31 years, CODEC is putting its efforts as highest priority in education sector keeping pace with government policies and SDG’s.
CODEC started children education from the very beginning of the year January 1986. The first initiative was the Early Childhood Development (ECD) in ‘Jaladas’ villages ( Fishing communities) of Chittagong and gradually on the basis of actual need; the activity was extended along the coastal villages of Chittagong, Laxmipur, Patuakhali & Barguna. In the meantime, DANIDA and Denmark Radio awarded CODEC with Children’s Calendar Fund in the year of 1989 especially for supporting education and training to the coastal fisher-folk children.
CODEC was awarded with Chand Sultana Award by Ahsania Mission, for the year of 2003 for the primer which was developed by CODEC to educating adult people in the field of basic reading, writing and small calculation within only 120 days
In this publication the enlightened journey of CODEC Education programme has been portaryed. Here we can see a concise journey of education initiatives of CODEC in the last 31 years. Overall objectives, education strategies, numbers of students and scholarships under various innovative programmes, experience and learning in term of executing education programmes time to time, challenges we have faced described in this publication too.
Khursid Alam Ph.D.
The coastal and riverine communities have distinct socio-political and economical characteristics. They are neglected in terms of basic rights and services, culturally not respected and geographically isolated and vulnerable. They have no recognized platform through which they can ensure to secure their rights and basic human needs. CODEC considers that lack of education is one of the vital barriers to the socio-economic and political development of that underprivileged communities at the coastal belt in Bangladesh hence it started working with the coast with a view to eliminate all those retro-gradation with the weapon of education.
CODEC started children education from the very beginning of the year January 1986. The first initiative was the Early Childhood Development (ECD) called as feeder schools for the children’s of ‘Jaladas’ villages of Chittagong and gradually on the basis of actual need; the activity was extended in the villages of Chittagong and Khulna coastal region. In the meantime, DANIDA and Denmark Radio awarded CODEC with Children’s Calendar Fund in the year of 1989 especially for supporting education and training to the coastal fisher folk children. As the government education programme is expanding to cover more areas in the country keeping pace with Sustainable Development Goals (SDG)-4 by 2030, for more than 30 years the Education Programme of CODEC focused on remote areas, where government has little or no reach aligning with government initiative to marshal the Sustainable Development Goals (SDG).
Objective of CODEC EDUCATION PROGRAMMEME:
- To ensure Quality Primary Education for every children in the coastal areas.
- Ensure Children Education for “Jaladas” (Fishermen) community.
- Enhance cultural practices among the children’s of coastal community.
- To withhold the drop out ratio of students in the coastal areas of Bangladesh
- To sensitize the parents of girl child and decrease girl’s drop out and patronize the children of coastal community for higher education through scholarship
CODEC’s Strategic Direction in Education :
Education, the most essential instrument for social change CODEC is a socio-cultural and economic development organization considering the above from its inception. CODEC initiates cultural enhancement for the coastal children and adolescents as a priority issue under the umbrella of education interventions.
Recent Strategic Approaches in Education by CODEC
- CODEC complements GOB efforts in achieving the SDG and EFA goals
- A broad-based strategy that includes community engagement with local level government officials
- Provide qualitative support to enhance Non formal primary education in coastal area.
- Continuing qualitative Junior Secondary Education programme (grade 6 to grade 8) especially for drop outs and supplementary support to higher education through scholarship, where the emphasis is on moral and cultural education.
CODEC Education programme at a glance: 1985-2016
|SL.||Education Programme/Project||Number of Students/schools Covered|
|1.||Children Calendar Fund +NFPE||137,200 students|
|2.||Adult literacy||16716 Learner|
|3.||REFLECT 37 circle||668 learners|
|4.||Quality education In the Primary school (2007-2011)||560 schools|
|6.||PROTEEVA Programme||103,400 students|
|7.||SHOUHARDO (2006-2009)||1251 students|
|8.||Adolescents occupational skill development||25916 Adolescents|
|9.||Integrated Education and Cultural Programme (IECP)||5500 Students|
|10.||Education and Cultural Heritage of Chittagong Hill Tracts||1097 students|
Pre School-167 school)
Quality Primary School 204 School
NFPE 10 schools
|12.||Education Programme Status- NFPE -36 & Quality School 46 (CBO-NGO)||7323 Students|
|13.||SHONGLAP 1531 Centers including Partners||37241 adolescent girl|
|14.||School Feeding||755 Students|
|15.||Multi Lingual Education (30 schools) (2014-2016)||600 Students|
|16.||Child Friendly Space (CFC) (2014-2016)||4500 Students|
|17.||Reading enhancement for advancing Developments (Read) (2014-2017)||47247 Students|
|18.||CODEC PSN-SSFL (2011 continue)||750 Students|
|19.||NABA DIGANTA (8 schools) (2014-2016)||3992 Students|
|20.||SHIKHON Projects (NFPE-20100+EPE-12000+CCC+8000) (2012-2016)||40100 Students|
|21.||NATUN ALO (2011-2016)||280 students|
|22.||DiPECHO V111 (SHIKHON-7,Primary-7,High School-3)||5337 Students|
|2.||CODEC Stipend in Higher Education||2011-2016||14 students|
|3.||CODEC Micro Finance||2013-2016||497 students|
Ongoing Projects under CODEC Education Programmeme.
SHIKHON- Supporting the Hardest to Reach Through Basic Education.
To promote access and increase basic education outcomes for 40,100 of the hardest-to-reach and marginalized children, making use of lessons learned in SHIKHON 1st phase, while bringing about positive change in Bangladesh national education system.
CODEC is implementing SHIKHON programme in 119 unions under 13 Upazills of, Chittagong, Cox’s Bazar and Bandarban district. This programme wants to ensure quality basic primary education through adopting active teaching-learning methods and working hard to create a joyful learning environment, while following the curriculum and using NCTB text books with lots of supplementary story books. Children in SHIKHON NFPE Schools will complete a 5 years Primary education in 4 years cycle from Readiness class to grade 5 and last year in 2015 the SHIKHON students sat in the primary school completion examination and 6543 students have passed PECE examination. The passing rate is almost 97%
Donors: Save the children: January 2012-December 2016
Reading Enhancement for Advancing Development READ
Increase reading competence among grade 1-3 students in READ supported schools in the selected districts.
Community Development Centre (CODEC) is implementing READ project in Cox’s Bazar district (Teknaf, Ukhiya, Sadar & Ramu upazila)and in Barisal District (Barisal sadar,Barguna,Patuakhali,Jhalkathi ).There are total 51031 students under these two region in 388 schools. READ is a 4-year collaboration with the Government of Bangladesh, supported by the US Agency for International Development, to improve early grade reading competence of the students of class one – three in Govt. Primary schools. The project focuses on four areas of intervention 1. Teacher’s education and development 2. Reading assessment 3. Increased availability of reading materials.4. Increased opportunities for reading in the community.
USAID & Save the Children International: October’2013- December’2017
Withdraw children form GOB listed hazardous workplace, create conducive working environment for the working children who are lawfully eligible to in nonhazardous works and protect vulnerable children entering into labor market and mainstreaming them to education.
The project Naba Diganta is being implemented in 4 different places with 8 MPCs in 2 wards; No. 10 North Kattoli and Ward No. 11 South Kattali under Chittagong City Corporation and 2 Upzillas of Potiya and Chandanaish under Chittagong District. Basically the vulnerable and working children are given Non-formal education and pre-schooling so that the targeted children can receive basic education for being enrolled in primary education. Furthermore, the working children are encouraged to be free from hazardous works and engaged them in less hazardous work as well as receive vocational training.
Manusher Jonno Foundation: October 2014 to December2016
Socio Economic Empowerment with Dignity and Sustainability (SEEDS) programme.
To Improve sustainable livelihoods with dignity of 4,000 marginalized families, completion of primary and secondary education of 12,000 eligible children, socially and 5.economically empower 1,250 adolescents and 500 youths, facilitate better market opportunities and financial services for 17,400 Microfinance members, protect 4,000 children against vulnerabilities at household and community level.
Bridge school: CODEC is running 19 bridge schools in Bagerhat area under SEEDS programme comprising 277 dropout students in multi-grade system. The main objective is bridging the drop out marginalized poor students with mainstream Primary school, ensure quality education through SMC activation and enable the students to cope with vulnerability and sensitized them for further education.
Donors: STRØMME Foundation: 2014-2018
DIPECHO viii- Iinstitutionalizing School Disaster Management in the Education Sector in Bangladesh
To strengthen disaster resilience and safety within the education sector in Bangladesh through
Institutionalization, capacity building, and advocacy on school disaster management (SDM) within the
Primary, secondary, and non-formal education systems.
As CODEC works in Coastal disaster prone Area ,School Disaster management Programme is another special intervention in Education sector of CODEC .In Cox’s Bazar ,Save the Children is implementing School Disaster management Programme in the name of DIPECHO viii-Iinstitutionalizing School Disaster Management in total 17 Schools (7 SHIKHON school,7 Primary schools and 3 High schools in Cox;s Bazar.
Donors: Save the Children: 1st May 2015-October 2016
CODEC-SSFL_PSN joint venture Programme for the Promotion of Health and Education for All.
Improve education and health situation of the villagers towards up-liftmen of their human condition of Jaladas fisher-folk community. To build and operate informal primary school to ensure 100% children education in the village. Operate clinical services to improve health condition of mother and children in the village.
CODEC started its development intervention in the North Salimpur fishing village since 1985. But CODEC-PSN Maitree project started its Programme in this village from 1st January, 2011 to promote Health & Education for All and still running. There are one ECD, one Pre-primary, class 1, and class 3, class 4 going on. Under this project total 148 students are studying there. There is also clinical/Health service for the children and mother of that village.
Donors: CODEC -SSFL-PSN: January 2012 – December 2016
NATUN ALO Project
To Improve Health and nutritional and economic status and to develop resilience to natural disasters in Patuakhali district in the 1,000 target families .Children of the 1000 target families have access to quality basic and functional education.
In July 2011, Codec started to implement Natun Alo project in 2 unions of Mirjagonj upazila under patuakhali district with the financial & technical assistance of Stomme Fooundation(SF). The goal of the project is, by the year of 2016, 1000 poor and marginalized families of Patuakhali Districts of Bangladesh have improved economic status and enjoy their entitlements with dignity and 1000 HH children will get Pre-primary education and ECD facilities as education initiative under this project.
DONORS: StrØmme Foundation: 2011-2016
Some innovative accomplished interventions of CODEC Education Programme for the last 30 years:
Children Calendar fund:
CODEC started children education from the very beginning of the programme since January 1986. The first initiative was the Early Childhood Development (ECD) called as feeder schools for the children of Jaladas villages at Chittagong and the activity extended in the other coastal villages of Chittagong. In the meantime, DANIDA and Denmark Radio awarded CODEC the Children’s Calendar Fund in the year 1989 especially for supporting education to the coastal fisher folk children, as to enhance their chances for employment and improvement of their socioeconomic position. As the government education programme is expanding to cover more areas in the country, the Children’s Education Programme of CODEC focused on remote areas, where government has little or no reach. It estimated that, 1, 37,200 children from coastal area have been graduated under this CODEC’s education programme.
The Non-Formal Primary Education (NFPE) of CODEC:
CODEC education programme is considering the demand to non-enrolled children in the remote villages of Bangladesh coastal area. CODEC started the Children education programme in January, 1986. Initially it was with the book ‘Lekhapara’, written by Mr. Ferdous Khan, a renowned educationist of the country and continued for two consecutive years. BRAC came forward and prepared CODEC team to operate the NFPE in the coastal areas of the country under a bi-literal agreement. CODEC implements the BRAC-NFPE from 1989 to 1999 in the target coastal villages. In the meantime, an external review team suggested CODEC to change the model from BRAC to GOB.CODEC shifted from BRACs model to GOB model and extend the programme from class three to class five. CODEC continued this Centre based NFPE programme up to 2005 and gradually change the approach due to Government all out affords in children education and the establishment of primary schools in the target communities.
The center based NFPE was a top priority programme component of CODEC for the last 30 years. The programme was implemented with community contribution and also their active participation all the way. CODEC established SMCs for each the schools and trained the members to ensure the quality in the centers. The communities build an education center in every village on their own and maintain accordingly. The programme provided services in the remote & hard to reach villages of Chittagong, Noakhali, Laxmipur, Patuakhali, Barguna, Bagerhat, Pirojpur, Cox’s Bazar and Rangamati.
Children Education in Jaladas Villages:
Since its inception, CODEC started its development intervention at 7 Hindu Fishing villages of Sitakunda Upazilla in Chittagong. Then it has focused on deprived children education of the Jaladas villages with 24 feeder schools in 13 villages. Till now for the last 30 years CODEC intervention in Jaladas villages regarding education are going on with full priority. According to the Jaladas community, it is CODEC which has shown them the light of education. They are lagging behind due to their socio-religious isolation and economic vulnerability so, the CODEC ECD and NFPE schools in the Jaladas villages created an opportunity for the Jaladas children.
Occupational Skill Development for Jaladas Girls & Boys:
CODEC tries to invest its maximum resources in the Jaladas villages, due to the fact that the community is isolated, neglected and vulnerable in each and every aspects of life. CODEC always prioritizes the need based interventions in the Jaladas villages and initiated occupational skill development training for adolescents of the community, especially for the girls. CODEC also initiated SHONGLAP/PROTTOY in Jaladas villages for life-long education (LLE). The occupations were Computer literacy, Metal workshop, Motor workshop, Sewing, Motor driving, Embroidery, Block & Boutiques etc. Moreover, CODEC linked the adolescents with UCEP and other government vocational training and technical training centers for their future employment.
The Adult Literacy:
CODEC implemented adult literacy programme vigorously in the coastal districts continuously ten years (1986-1995) and change the illiterate villages in to literate, specially the female members. Some of them qualified as teachers in the children education centers, entrepreneurs, group leaders, social activists, community leaders, UP members etc. The programme has tremendous impact in the rural development in the CODEC target villages in the coastal region. The Primer developed by CODEC named “Paralekha” is still using by Go and NGO.
CAMPE-CLC: From March 2016 CAMPE–CODEC is running a 18 months’ Community learning center in Salimpur area, Sitakundu consisted of 100 learners to promote adult literacy with local engagement.
Unique Primer ‘Paralekha’ and “Chand Sultana Award”
CODEC was awarded with Chand Sultana Award by Ahsania Mission, for the year of 2003 for the primer that is developed by CODEC for educating the illiterate adult people, which can enable them reading, writing, calculating within only 120 days .
Children Organizations were a unique inclusion towards Child development and Education programme. It was based on education centers and the admitted children. The Children of education centers meet together once in a week after school hour. They would discuss issues related to their family, health, sanitation, cleanliness, environment, society, country and their future. The children used to save money 1 taka per week. It collected and recorded by the children themselves. Total 355 children organizations were developed and total members’ were 8017.It had a fund of 12, 11,705 taka. The goal of this Children Organization was to establish some major issues of a life and humanity, such as friendship, unanimity, savings habit, health and sanitation awareness, family and social responsibilities, rights, entitlements etc. The Children who had been enrolled in class-I and became member of the organization. It was very nice experience for the Children. Every two years they elected their leaders in a formal electoral process. The Organization governed through a constitution. The Children Organization was a remarkable experience of CODEC.
Reflect is an innovative approach of social mobilization towards development, literacy and empowerment through adult literacy and participatory training. Paulo Freire and Robart Chambers theory is applied in REFLECT programme. The project titled as ‘’Adult literacy and people’s empowerment through Reflect ‘’ implemented by Action Aid and CODEC. Reflect is a two years programme (1st year Reflect circle and 2nd year Post Circle) .Total 37 circle were formed and 668 learners were there from 1998 to 2001. There were Many Matrix, graphs, Maps drawing (PRA tools) and Drama, storytelling and songs were used to identify and analyze social, economic, cultural and political issues. In this process the development of literacy and other communication skills were closely linked to the engagement of people in wider processes of development, empowerment and social change.
Early Learning for School Succeed Programme
SUCCEED has demonstrated an effective, sustainable and replicable model of early childhood support and development, with high impact on achievement in the early years of schooling. SUCCEED’s approaches to improve early childhood development, strengthen communities, and engage professionals deliberately enhance and fosters education system change.. It achieved this goal through the affordable pre-school model that impacts learning, early primary education and Community initiatives that generate children’s success and school accountability. The project was from 2005 to 2008 and donor was SAVE THE Children USA
Promoting Talent through Early Education (PROTEEVA)
CODEC PROTEEVA Project has implemented under a Partnership agreement with Save the Children,USA basically provided technical support with the funding support of USAID and this project has been implemented by five NGOs including CODEC covering six Divisions of Bangladesh. The main Goal of PROTEEVA is to improve primary school enrollment, completion and academic performance for children in Bangladesh. The project includes Early Childhood Development and Primary Education .This intervention was similar to SUCCEED activities including few new strategies and process of community mobilization towards achieving outcome sustainability. The project was from 2010 to 2014 and donor was SAVE THE Children USA
Livelihood Education for the Adolescent Girls through ‘SHONGLAP’
SHONGLAP is the most innovative and successful interactive process by CODEC initiated in coastal area of Bangladesh from 2006. SHONGLAP is a Bengali word means dialogue / Discussion .The programme is implemented by building Adolescent SHONGLAP Centre comprising of 25-30 adolescent girls and facilitated by Animator in cooperation with the guardians of SHONGLAP Support Team (SST).It improves knowledge about personal cleanliness, menstruation management, HIV/AIDS, water-borne diseases and reproductive health. Adolescent girls are advocated with parents, community leaders to stop early marriage, dowry, domestic violence, girl’s education and also sensitize them with various right based issues. The programme increase their employment, mobility make them independent through skill development trainings. The Awareness raising period extends to 9 months & occupational skill development to 3 months of the total period of 12 months.
Quality Primary Education:
In the year 2007, CODEC initiated the programme ‘Ensure quality education in the primary schools’ in the coast of Bangladesh. The programme covered 560 schools in five districts of coastal area. Following issues were discussed in the programme:
- Reducing children’s drop-out.
- Guardians’ participation in SMC meetings and discussion regarding the quality education issues.
- Formation of Parents Forum and facilitating monthly meetings on Quality education.
- Strengthening Union Education Standing Committee’.
- Conducting Upazilla level sharing meetings with Upazilla and District administration on quality primary education.
- Involving children’s in various extracurricular activities during school period.
- Facilitating orientation programmes for teachers on Child Right convention
- Orienting school and college level students on Human rights, Genders, HIV/AIDS
A.Extra-curricular cultural activities in 560 schools:
CODEC organized annual sports and prize giving ceremony every year among 560 primary schools as part of their recreation, which was almost a forgotten practice. The occasion was followed by Deyalika preparation, Debate competition, drawing competition, essay competition, Art competition etc. 8400 students had been awarded for securing places in final exams.
- Nabin Baran in 560 schools:
It was a unique programme to be a part of, especially for the children from class 1 on their very first day. The programme created a festive atmosphere in and around 560 schools. It became a big gathering of UP chairman, members, SMC, teachers, parents and GoB officials and local elites.
- Promoting Child Rights Convention:
CODEC always consider the Child First in all the development initiatives so far implemented for last 30 years. A child safety policy followed for all the employees working in the organization. Therefore, it is fundamental mandate for CODEC to promote the CRC among all the stakeholders related to programme interventions. CODEC has developed a CRC for that and Facilitated orientation programmes for teachers on Child Right convention in 560 schools.
- Cultural Squad
CODEC initiates cultural enhancement for the coastal children and adolescents as a priority issue under the umbrella of education programme interventions. Education, the most essential instrument of social change as a empowering force with essential skills of literacy, numeracy, communication, problem solving and productive thinking. That is why CODEC had initiated 19 cultural squads in Chittagong, Noakhali, laxmipur, Patuakhali, Barguna with coastal students. Each month they used to attend meeting. They used to perform issue based drama shows, Jari songs, recitation, storytelling etc. for raising awareness. For their performance they got many prizes in many competitions in Upazilla and government level.
Education and Cultural fair:
Education and Cultural Fair is an integral part of CODEC education programme. This two days fair is based on the participation of local elites, Govt. high officials, local education institutions and the peoples of the community. It’s a festival for the mostly underprivileged children’s and adolescents in the coastal community to promote extra-curricular activities and recreational programmes besides education for making them a motivated citizen those are culturally and ethically active enough. The events of the fair are; Issue based competitions, Book fair, Drawing completion, Drama presentation, Songs, Puppet show, Magic show, Film show, Dance etc. Bagerhat, Patuakhali, Barguna, Pathorghata, Ramgoti, Chittagong had arranged Education and Cultural fair with a initiative to promote education and culture for coastal children with the support of Cultural squad and local schools.
Continuation of education through adult literacy and box library programme was a popular programme of CODEC for the new learners. The Box library provided material support for new learners through easy reading materials like newspaper, books etc. in a box .A total 157 village based box library support had been provided in Chittagong, Laxmipur, Galachipa, Kalapara, Barguna, Patuakhali area and special care had been taken for new learners for reading in the library.
Community Learning Centre (CLC), Community Library & Community Resources Centre (CRC):
The programme was focused on school dropout adolescent’s girl and young women of Sitakund Upazilla of Chittagong district and, Ukhiya, Teknaf upazilla under Coxs bazaar district .There were 17 CLC, 2 CRC, 4 community library jointly operated by local CBOs and financially supported by UNESCO Dhaka office in 2005 to 2008. There were total 761 learners who got skill development trainings in the centers.CLC & CRC was a great opportunity to have access in literacy, awareness and need based skill development and income generation for the disadvantaged adolescent of coastal area. The activity around the CLC & CRC were ; supplementary reading materials development, community Library, Poultry Rearing, Cow & Goat rearing Sewing & Embroidery Block & Boutiques ,Nursery ,Home stead gardening, Entrepreneurship Development, Beauty Parlor Computer literacy and issue based workshops, reading writing competition, etc.
Integrated Education and Cultural Programme (IECP)
CODEC and FULKI worked together in the year 2004 and implemented IECP (Integrated Education-Cultural Programme) in 30 mainstream schools of Laxmipur, Bagerhat, Patuakhali and Barguna districts. Students of these schools have been acquainted with IECP packages like (Inspirational Stories of famous people around the world and within the country, Science and Environment books, Drawing books, Color pastel, posters of great men, reproduction of famous paintings and cassettes of selected Patriotic Bengali songs etc) Total 5,500 students were involved in this programme.
Primary School by CODEC
Rehabilitation Primary school in Laxmipur: In Laxmipur for the river eroded people there were 2 rehabilitation project for 600 homeless people in 2006.In the year 2007 for the children of the Rehabilitation project , CODEC established two formal primary schools in Kamalnager(Mohiuddin Chowdhury primary school) and Ramgoti Upazilla (Lokmannagar Govt primary school )of Laxmipur district.
Primary school in Bagerhat: From 2003 CODEC started supporting Surigaty Primary school for bridging local community and ensuring education. From 2003 to 2010, CODEC supported financially and technically to the school. In 2010 CODEC Constructed new school building (Govt reg. school model) by SF fund and Govt supports. After getting Govt Primary affiliation CODEC phased out from this school and handover it to SMC.
High school by CODEC
- High school at Barguna:
As there was no high school within 10-12 km, addressing the need, CODEC had established two high schools with school buildings at Barguna District. The schools were ‘ Rakhainpara BPS high school’ at Parirkhal and ‘ Nalbunia Agarpara Adarsha high school’ at Taltoli Upazilla, Barguna. Both the schools were built with the active participation of local community.
Development Interventions for Advancement of the Chittagong Hill Tracts (CHT) and its Inhabitants.
CODEC had implemented development programme in Chittagong Hill tracts area through four major programme components: People Organization (PO) Development, Children Education, Training Programme, Savings Mobilization, and Primary Health Care & Support Programme from July 2000 to 2009 ,funded by DANIDA. Codec initiated a language-learning programmeme for young learners in primary schools in the project area. Students enrolled in the language learning programmeme. The students of class III to class V avail the opportunity to learn their own mother tongue, chakma & marma language by trained Language Teachers. CODEC has distributed language book and alphabet chart and reading materials to the learners. Codec has formed guardian’s forum to improve quality of education. CODEC has arranged Drama and cultural show at villages to make people aware about their rights.
Mother Tongue Based Multi Lingual Education programme
Under the SHARE Education programme By Europian Union and Save the Children, CODEC is implementing Mother tongue based multi lingual education in Bandarban for Marma community. It has started from January 2014 in Bandarban’s lama Union’s Ruposhipara, Gazalia, Fashiakhali, Sadar and in Naikkhongchori’s Sonaichori and Baishari Union’s 30 villages. In 30 MLE there are 585 children those are getting light of Education through their Mother tongue. End of the year they will get admitted in nearest Govt. primary school.
Protective Environment Creation for Children and Adolescent in and around Cox’s Bazar Area Facilitate better access of children to child protection and development services through Child Friendly Spaces (CFS), empower adolescents to act as change-maker through life-skill and occupational development, improve protection activities at the community level including referral of children to services and public declaration to abandon harmful practices through strengthening the capacity of Community Based Child Protection Committees (CBCPC), advocate and network in strengthening linkage and cooperation with Child Welfare Board and other actors for protection and development of children and adolescent. This programmeme is funded by UNICEF from 2006 to 2016.
SHOUHARDO was an USAID project which ran from 2006 to 2010.To reduce the chronic social and economic vulnerability and insecurity of the poor and hardcore poor of the coastal and riverine areas through community participation and empowerment and education. Socio-political and Economic empowerment of the disadvantaged communities was the focus of this development intervention. Human Rights Education (HRE) and Right Based Approach (RBA) were the main devise and dynamic of this focal area.
CODEC School Feeding Programmeme
CODEC School feeding programmeme was a very successful and innovative programmeme and it has increased school admission and attendance in a remarkable pace. This programmeme has access in nutritious and healthy food for starving children at river and sea eroded areas of Chittagong & Laxmipur. CODEC started to implement this project from 1st January 2013 at Sitakunda and Kamalnagar & Ramgoti Upazilla under Chittagong and Laxmipur district respectively. The main objective of this programme is – to ensure qualitative health and education of disadvantaged children through feeding and nutrition programme and Improvement in Health and nutritional status and educational Performance of Children in school. This programmeme was funded by Inter-church Organization Development Cooperation (ICCO ) from 2012 to 2015.
CODEC Education Advocacy:
CODEC, always considers advocacy as an integral part of Education programme from its inception. The prime objective of the activity is ; To bring coastal areas constraints, limitations and other issues related to education sector in the National focus. In connection with the above CODEC utilize all sorts of techniques to sensitize the national policy makers through upholding the coastal issues. The techniques were; issue based research, public consultation, human chain, formal & informal discussion, seminar, workshops and electronic & print media campaign etc. Implementing the advocacy programme CODEC was supported throughout by CAMPE.
The issues of education advocacy were-
- Quality teachers for quality education.
- Public and private partnership in education: Challenge and opportunities.
- Literacy: life based education & our role.
- Investment on education: Review on budget.
- Types of curriculum, we need.
- People’s empowerment through literacy.
- Law on education: our expectation.
- Gender and education.
- Literacy for development and peace.
- National education policy: our expectations.
- Education law 2013: Stakeholders comments.
- Challenges of S.S.C examination in the coastal region.
CODEC provides scholarship supports to the poor marginal children of Coastal community. The Students passed from CODEC education centers and local schools and those who are availing for higher education in coastal area with a good result had been appreciated by CODEC since 1986. Total 13801 students of coastal area had been patronized till now in PECE, JSC, SSC, HSC and University students had got scholarship for the continuation of education.
Education Material Development:
In 1986, CODEC initially conducted a study through interactive dialogue with the coastal fisher folk communities regarding their socio-economic and cultural problems, causes and effects. The study identified 104 issues intensively related with their lives and livelihoods. Later, CODEC developed “Development Education Curriculum: 104 Lessons” based on these 104 issues. It was the starting but later CODEC has developed many Educational materials which has been using by GO and NGO of Bangladesh and has been appreciated very much.CODEC, from the beginning consider literacy material development towards enhancement of literacy in the coast. So there is always a need for necessary materials to operate the need based literacy activities for the community. The development of literacy materials is a continuous process. The materials are as follows;
- Prostuti Paarbo ( Preparatory Phase for Child Education)
- Poralekha (Adult Literacy Book)
- Sabar janno Pora Package-6 books.
- Shonglap Nirdeshika 1, 2, 3.
- Shonglap Training Module
- NFPE Training Module
- ECD Training Module
- 104 lesson for fishing Communities.
- Unnayan Shikkha Shahaika
Demands of respective community from education sector of CODEC:
- Secured Infrastructural support for students (embankment, school building, proper toilets, Supply of pure drinking water and tube wells ,Re-construction supports to schools after disaster) etc
- Stipend and higher education support for the children of Coastal community
- Cultural and creative intervention for students.
- Continuation of education of the drop out girls especially in coastal area
- Vocational training
- SMC parents forum activation.
- Promote Education Advocacy Programme for disadvantaged Coastal community.
- ICT training
- School feeding programme
- Rights and life skill enhancing programme especially for girls
- Quality education and teachers training
- School Disaster Management (SDM)
- Multi lingual education for ethnic communities
Experiences and learnings:
- CODEC has a prolonged experience on “Early Primary Education Programme” implementation
- CODEC has Qualified and Trained Trainers Team those are engaged in Training of programme management personnel and Teachers. Trained and experienced Programme personnel at field level to ensure the effective and efficient education programme planning, implementation and monitoring.
- Community engagement and active participation in SMC can play a vital role in successful Education interventions.
- CODEC has a very good relation with local Government and Education Department of GOB .
- Codec has experienced team for education material development. The CODEC literacy primer Paralekha is a unique one, which can ensure the literacy skill development of a learner within 120 days especially in reading, writing and simple calculation.
- CODEC developed different education materials, manual and visual aids especially on child rights, women rights, gender and coastal community based development issues
- CODEC developed a “Development Education –104 Lessons” especially on community development, Women and Child Rights for regular discussion on grassroots people’s organization development.
- CODEC learnt that Fisher-folk community had perceived specialized structural primer designed for coastal community more spontaneously and early than the mainstream education system.
- CODEC implemented education programme for ethnic children Chittagong Hill Tracts
- Parents can work as pressure group which has been learnt from 560 schools project
- Cultural intervention in schools mobilize the students mostly
- By implementing NFPE programme literacy rate is drastically changed in a community
- Use of Materials can make education more enjoyable and adaptive for the students
- From SHIKHON project 6543 students have passed PECE in the year 2015.With proper supervision and Patronization dropout out students can be mainstreamed and achieve good results.
- Through SHANGLAP lifelong education (LLE) the experience is that through increasing awareness in life related issues, acquisition of literacy, life skills and professional-income raising skills of adolescent girls they are being more independent and playing vital role in society
- Through advocacy CODEC, utilizes all sorts of techniques to sensitize the national policy makers through upholding the coastal issues
Challenges at education sector faced by CODEC:
- Access to higher education from coastal villages gradually been decreased.
- Inadequate secondary and higher secondary schools to accommodate pass out students from primary schools.
- Early marriage custom prevailing in rural villages and girl’s safety issue is a great obstacle for girls’ education in coastal area.
- Children are engaged as labor especially in distant and coastal belt during fishing season
- Migration problems and tendency to shift in urban area for job rather than studying is a great problem in coastal area.
- Poor communication system in rainy season and remoteness of schools in coastal area.
- Frequent natural disasters like cyclone, typhoon in coastal area and river erosion in Char lands are some main impediments of education sectors.
CODEC has perceived that lack of education is one of the vital barriers to the socio-economic and political development of the underprivileged communities in the coastal belt in Bangladesh. For the last 31 years CODEC considered education as one of the priority interventions for the socio-economic development of coastal population in the Country. Education will be the main agenda for the advancement of life and livelihood of coastal people with community participation, especially the fisher folk community. In this long journey, CODEC has always shared field experience with community stakeholders, local elites, National and International experts and accommodated the feedbacks, needs and priorities accordingly
Considering the journey and struggle, CODEC will go further and will continue to change the life and livelihood of Coastal population through educating the children and adolescents as harbinger of light to their life.
“Spread the light in the Coast”
31 years of Enlighten journey of CODEC EDUCATION Programme
Tasadduk Hossain Dulu
Naziat Islam Ishika
CODEC Education Programme
Community Development Centre (CODEC)
Plot-02, Road-02, Lake Valley R/A, Foy’s lake Khulshi, Chittagong, Bangladesh