Food Nutrition and Health

CONTENTS
SL Name of the Project Page
1 Preface 3
2 Bangladesh Poverty reduction Strategy 4
3 CODEC Strategic Plan 2014-18 : Coherence with National Policies and Strategies 5
4 Summary of the experiences 6
5 CODEC Program & Projects in Livelihood and Food Security Sector 8
6 Climate Resilient Eco-Systems and Livelihoods Project: CREL 9
7 Nuton Alo 15
8 Socio-Economic Empowerment with Dignity & Sustainability: SEEDS 19
9 CODEC-ECOFISH 24
10 Security, Market Access, Rights and Transparency in Coastal Bangladesh: SMART 28
11 Household Economic and Food Security of Extreme Poor (HEFS) SHIREE Project 33
12 Program for Strengthening Household Access to Resources-PROSHAR 38
13 NOBO JIBON: Multi-year Assistance Program 41
14 Aquaculture for Income and Nutrition Project:AIN 46
15 Agriculture and Nutrition Extension Project: ANEP 51
16 Livelihood Improvement Facilities for Ethnics: LIFE 56
17 CODEC SHOUHARDO 63
18 Improvement of Human Security in the Communities of Ukhia and Teknaf Upazilas, Cox’s Bazar in Bangladesh 67

19 Conclusion 70

The farmer and the field

Preface
CODEC is implementing its program interventions in the coastal districts of Bangladesh since 1985 in different areas as education, nutrition, maternal child health, livelihoods, entrepreneur development, disaster risk reduction (DRR), climate change and adaptation, environment and advocacy, biodiversity conservation, rights, social justice and legal support, economic development through micro credit, etc. All these sectors of development interventions are aligned with the current CODEC’s Strategic Plan as well as meet the Sustainable Development Goal (SDG).
Working in the coastal region is not very easy due to its geographical settings, isolation, communication hazards. The demographic changes occurred due to adverse effects of climate change. Solely, poverty plays the most vital impact to advancement of the whole nation. Bangladesh has been struggling for a long time to reduce the incidence of poverty and to improve the living standard of its constituent. CODEC has a mandate to enroll the deprived community towards the balanced socio economic stage where people individually or collectively embrace new and differentiated forms of institutions, utilize their resources for safe and sustained livelihoods and become rights-demanding citizen in a climate affected physical, social and economic settings.
CODEC initiated several development programs with support of different donors to address the challenges belongs to the coastal community especially for the improvement of livelihood. CODEC also participated with the struggles of these communities to survive against different hazards as devastating cyclone of 1991, SIDR, AILA, ROANU, etc. Hopping the readers will get an essence by this publication.
Khursid Alam Ph.D
Executive Director October 2016
Bangladesh Poverty reduction Strategy

Poverty is the single most important socio-economic policy challenge for Bangladesh. Bangladesh has been struggling for a long time to reduce the incidence of poverty and to improve the living standards of its millions of impoverished citizens. In recent decades, Bangladesh has made significant progress in reducing poverty where the percent of population living below the poverty line went down from more than 80 percent in early 1970s to 31.5 percent in 2010. However, Bangladesh still faces the reality that 46.8 million of its population live in poverty. Source: Different HES, HIES

The decline in poverty in Bangladesh stems in large part from strong, decade-long economic growth. The economy’s expansion during the 1990s – on average annual real GDP increase of almost 5 percent – meant a rise in real per capita GDP of 36 percent or twice the average rate of other low-and middle-income countries during the same decade. This impressive performance was fueled by large jump in real GDP in the expanding industrial sector where the output of export-oriented ready-made garment (RMG) enterprises grew by double-digit increments. Also, remarkable growth in the inflow of remittances helped reduce headcount poverty. Despite the progress in alleviation of poverty, Bangladesh still has a larger proportion of people living below the poverty line income defined as $1.25 a day compared to many developing countries.
Source: World Bank, World Development Indicators

The other dimension of poverty is the spatial distribution of poor beyond the urban-ruraldivide. This concerns the distribution of poverty by districts and divisions. The data suggests an East-West divide in the distribution of poverty, with a significantly higher poverty incidence in the Western Divisions of Rangpur, Barisal, Khulna and Rajshahi as compared with the Eastern Divisions of Dhaka, Sylhet and Chittagong. Source: BBS, HIES 2005 and HIES 2010
NB: Bangladesh: Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper March 2013 – IMF Country Report No. 13/63

CODEC Strategic Plan (2014-18): Coherence with National Policies and Strategies
Most of the activities of CODEC are highly supportive to GoB policies and program related to poverty alleviation and rural development of the country. Presently GoB is implementing five year plan with a major focus on poverty alleviation which is based on Millennium Development Goals (MDGs). To attain the first goal of MDGs, i.e., “Eradicate extreme poverty and hunger” the government of Bangladesh has taken anti-poverty policy like ‘pro-poor’ economic growth for increasing income and employment of the poor, and at the same time government has formulated policy for human development of poor for raising their capability through education, improvement of health & nutrition condition and other social interventions.
The principal goal of the Bangladesh Government’s economic policy is to reduce poverty so as to gradually lift the vast majority of the people above poverty line and improve the quality of life. The GoB identified poverty as a broad front. It is about income levels. It is about food security. It is about quality of life. It is about asset bases. It is about human resource capacities. It is about vulnerabilities and coping. It is about gender inequalities. It is about human security. It is each of these and all of these together. The above-identified key elements are addressed by a set of program interventions. In Bangladesh livelihood development and rural development are often used synonymously due to vast majority of its population (about 77%) is still living in rural areas. Therefore, the definition of rural development is used to cover multi-dimensional approach to raise productivity and income of the rural people, viz a viz, creation of income and employment opportunities and facilitating physical, social and cultural well-being and empowerment of the rural poor. Considering the above, CODEC trying & to initiate program and project activities focusing the livelihood and food security in the coastal districts of the Country. The Program and Projects are stated in the following chapters.
Introduction of Maize cultivation in Dhopachari Range as an alternative option
Summary of the Experiences

CODEC is working in the coastal area of Bangladesh since its inception in the year 1985. It is a long journey for a single organization. According to our understanding it is an unique journey also. So, CODEC is always proud to be with the coast and it is also a pleasure for us. In this journey CODEC always try to reach the dream of the vulnerable population of the coast. Sharing the dreams, hopes and the opportunities with the peoples, we came to the following vision and also the mission;

CODEC dreams of a coastal and riverine society that earns, enjoy and shares the pride of Bangladesh in becoming a middle-income country by 2021.
and the mission is;
CODEC sees its existence for a coastal society, in which people individually or collectively embrace new and differentiated forms of institutions; utilize their resources for safe and sustained livelihood and become rights-demanding citizens in a climate change affected physical, social and economic setting.
Considering the above, CODEC concentrate to uphold the problem and opportunities of the coastal population through a comprehensive development plan, which is consist of Education for the children, establish peoples organizations, reform coastal policies and also to develop the life & livelihood of the population. During the journey, the Livelihood and Food Security is one of the priorities in the development plan. As of today, the summary of the experiences in this sector area as follows;
• Capacity development on IGA selection, planning and management.
• Family micro plan development for comprehensive and sustainable family development.
• Develop LSPs (Local service providers) and link with grassroots producers and market.
• Influencing to include the extreme poor target population in the GoB safety net program.
• Advocacy to include the river eroded coastal families to access the Kashland.
• Educate target HHs to institutionalized savings for sustain their livelihood.
• Trained target population on sustainable technology and best practices on Agriculture, Aquaculture and livestock.
• Facilitate target population to enhance their household income through skill development on vegetable cultivation, Aquaculture production, livestock rearing, egg selling and small business.
• Knowledge development on Agricultural crops diversification.
• Developed livestock vaccinators.
• Develop knowledge of marginal farmers on appropriate technology to improve Pit bed, Organic pest control, Use of fertilizer, Seeds germination, Hand pollination etc.
• Skill development on preparation of organic fertilizer.
• Establish linkage between farmers and quality seed producing companies.
• Establish value chain for local producers through crop based collection points.
• Enhance knowledge on climate resilient agriculture.
• Introduce new technologies to non-target population through Farmers Field Day Observations (FFD).
• Establish effective linkage between small producers and micro finance institutes.
• Increased access to quality inputs and services for the target population.
• Extreme poor families income enhancement through asset transfer.
• Develop skill to prepare business plan.
• Develop trade based entrepreneurs.
• Buy-Back mechanism established.
• Develop and implements the Financial and Entrepreneurship Literacy Centres.
• Establish fish Sanctuary in the Muktaria Khal at Nijhum Deeap.
• Youths development through Vocational training.
• New and innovative agricultural technology transfer through joint collaboration with Bangladesh Agriculture University, especially the Dragon fruits and Strawberry cultivation.
• Capacity to trained target population on deferent trade based IGAs.
• Operate micro-finance program efficiently in the coastal Bangladesh.
• Establish and develop self reliant groups in the target villages.
• Business capacity development of local Community Based Organizations (CBOs).
• Linkage developed between CBOs and financial institutions to access to fund.
• Farmers awareness developed on soil testing for appropriate use of fertilizer.
• Involve Hilsha fish preservation in the rivers along with DoF & World Fish Centre(WFC).
CODEC Program & Projects in Livelihood and Food Security Sector
1. Climate Resilient Eco-systems and Livelihoods Project (CREL) 2012-2017
2. Nuton Alo 2011-2016
3. Socio-Economic Empowerment with Dignity & Sustainability: SEED 2014-2018
4. Eco fish (2015-2017)
5. Security, Market Access, Rights and Transparency in Coastal Bangladesh:SMART 2014-2016
6. Household Economic and Food Security of Extreme Poor (HEFS)-SHIREE 2009-2016
7. Program for Strengthening Household Access to Resources –PROSHAR. 2010-2015
8. NOBO-JIBON: Multi-Year Assistance Program 2010-2014
9. Aquaculture for Income and Nutrition : AIN 2012-2015
10. Agriculture Nutrition Extension Project: ANEP 2012-2014
11. Livelihood Improvement Facilities for Ethnics : LIFE 2013-2015
12. SHOUHARDO (2006-2010)
13. Improvement of Human Security in the Communities of Ukhia and Teknaf Upazilas, Cox’s Bazar in Bangladesh (2000)
Climate Resilient Eco-systems and Livelihoods Project (CREL-2012-2017)
Doll making by forest dependent women’s through buy back mechanism
Introduction:
CODEC is going to implement Different project in Different name, and different Livelihood activities. In Bangladesh, many of the most sensitive ecosystems are being destroyed due to pressures from local populations who over extract resources for personal use or Livelihoods. Resource dependent populations are often extremely poor and face extreme debt relation to their incomes. CREL’s livelihoods approach assumes most project stakeholders are poor, ultra-poor and marginalized. Many of Bangladesh’s rural poor earn a marginal living by harvesting fish, shrimp post-larvae, fuel wood, and NTFPs. Overharvesting is common, both for subsistence and to repay loans. The economic vulnerability of these communities is compounded by frequent environmental and climate-related calamities, including flooding, cyclones, salinity, land loss, and impacts on agricultural infrastructure and marine resources. Livelihood activities will improve and scale up diversified livelihood alternatives that are environmentally sustainable and resilient to climate change using a multi-pronged approach to achieve results.
Goal & Objectives of the intervention:
Improved Livelihoods that are Environmentally Sustainable and resilient to Climate Change.
• Increased investment in ECO Friendly Enterprise.
• Number of Farmers and Others who adopt environmentally sustainable climate resilient livelihoods.
The Objective of the project to increase incomes and livelihood choices of poor resource dependent households in communities that near wetland, coastal and forest areas while motivating them to conserve resources in order to better withstand climate change impacts.
Activities:
a. Beneficiary Selection
b. Trade wise group formation
c. Skilled training for Beneficiary
d. LSP Selection &Finalized
e. LSP Development (Trade wise skill training for LSP)
f. New Technology Demonstration- Individual & Group demonstration
g. Commercial Homestead Gardening Technology-CHGT demonstration
h. Climate Smart Agriculture Demonstration
i. Pebble Toys Production training
j. Vermi Compost Production training &Established.
k. Exposure Visit
l. Cross Visit/ Best Practice visi-
m. Farmer Field Days-FFD-
n. Linkage Workshop (Leveraging & Fundraising)-
o. Market Linkage workshop-
p. One to One Workshop/Meeting-
q. Meeting & Linkage with Micro Finance Institution-
r. Saving Loan Group Develop
s. Vocational Training
t. Youth Develop
u. ECO guide Develop
v. FEL Center
w. CPG Livelihoods
Donor: Winrock International
Working Area:
Districts: Chittagong & Noakhali, Cox’s Bazar, Khulna and Bagerhat
Upazillas: Ranghunia, Chandanaish, CTG-Sadar, Rauzan, Hathazari, Boalkhali, Sitakund, Miresharai, Fatikchari. Hatiya, Lohagora, Banshkhali, Cox’s-Bazar Sadar, Ramu, Chakaria, Teknaf, Mongla,Dacope, Sarankhola & Moreljong
Number of Staff:
Sl. Male Female Total
Chittagong Region 39 03 42
Cox’s Bazar Region 15 02 17
Khulna Region 16 03 19
Total 70 08 78

Budget: Tk. 24,0 1,97,339
Project Period: Sep’ 2012 to June’ 2017
Achievements:
Established Vegetable Producer Group through Rainwater harvesting under Climate Smart Agriculture:
Protected areas of Cox’sbazar district are now vulnerable with poor forestation and less forest in hill areas. Protected areas of Himchari national park and Teknaf wildlife sanctuary are found water scarcity during the summer season/dry season. Huge cultivatable land including homestead front and backyard land are not possible to cultivate during the summer/dry season in landscape areas. A significant living population are depending on forest resources. Community depending on this vulnerable profession to mitigate their livelihood. Considering this hardship situation on water availability during summer/dry season, vegetable cultivation through rainwater harvesting and preserving are important initiatives for producing food and livelihood security of natural resource dependent people.
Promotion on new fruit crops:
A part of promotion on new fruit crops gardening in Cox’sbazar region total 29 nos. of new fruit crops garden started through received four days long skill development training from BAU-Germplasm center and they also received a total no. of 50 mother fruit saplings with eight different types of fruits like as Citrus -lemon, Sapota, Passion fruits, Litchi, Mango, Sweet tamarind, Jamrul ,Guava etc.
Strawberry cultivation:
A total of 54 nos of CREL Beneficiary started gardening after receiving training on Modern technology of Strawberry cultivation , now the Strawberry cultivation are scaling up by 12 nos. of CREL farmers by using their own resources. It becomes popularity among the communities. The beneficiaries consume and sold it different hotels and first food shops at Cox’s Bazar
Strawberry cultivation at Cox’s bazar as new crop
Promotion of Dragon Fruits and Dragon Campaign:
A total of 106 farmers received 3000 nos. of dragon fruit cutting among them, 56 persons received training on dragon fruit cultivation facilitated by Dr. A. Rohim and Dr. Md. Senior Research Associates, Fruit tree improvement program, Germplasm Center, Bangladesh Agriculture University (BAU), Mymensigh. Now it is on vegetative stage and the growth and development is up to the mark. The upcoming season is the high time for the production of Dragon fruits, but farmer get dragon this year and it was demonstrated in different events and institutes.

Promotion of process food with CREL beneficiaries:
A food process trial session was held in pulse training center in Cox’sbazar district dated 12/12/2015. A group of 15 VCF members were participated in this session for practical hand to hand learning. In this trial session local entrepreneurs were participated. Another 15 members were trained by Local entrepreneur where Male-10 and Female-20 After receiving training they were on production and their product (coconut milk candy) were displayed in deferent occasions at Dhaka and Cox’s Bazar. Beside, a group of local entrepreneurs visited in BANGSEAN in Thailand and participated in exposure on process food replication.
High Value Vegetable cultivation training:
Farmers trained on different Trade (high value vegetable cultivation, poultry, Livestock rearing), Homestead gardening support provided to skilled& selected participants and they are now practicing their new knowledge in cultivation and other skills..
Strengthen and expanding the LSP to increase access of the NR dependents:
A group of LSP’s received Business / plan development Training and provided support (vegetable seeds) of average Tk. 20,000 for male and Tk. 7,200 for female under LSP entrepreneurs support from CREL matching fund.

Increase access to finance and link beneficiaries to credit:
Saving and loan groups (SLGs) were formed among the VCF members and they are functioning by themselves (self-mechanism).
Private sector engagement, leveraging and fund raising:
A total amount of Tk.19, 31, 27,614 received from different companies and Institutions as leveraging fund.
Financial and entrepreneurship literacy center-FELC:
FELC learner course completed successfully (1st primer and 2nd primer) in all the Region, the Financial and entrepreneurship literacy training was focused on financial skills, climate-resilience and NRM opportunities, enhance local entrepreneurship as well as socioeconomic condition and women empowerment of extreme and marginal poor.
Other Skill Development training:
Skill development training was provided to the adolescent boy and women on Mobile Servicing and Tailoring training from CREL project .After receiving the instruments like tool kid and Sewing machine they are now operating the business and contributes their family.
PEBBLE TOYs making training:
Two month long hands on orientation training on PEBBLE TOYs making organized by HatheyBunano (HBPS) for woman VCF members across the region. Its a continuous process and the trainees are now linked with Hathey Bunano (HBPS) and continuously supplying the toys through buy back mechanism.
Handicrafts (Kharong and Putir Mala making) Training:
Woman members of VCF received training on Kharong and Putir Mala making at cox’s bazar region, most of them are making Kharong and Putir Mala and sold the products in local market.
The young girls of indigenous community in Dudpukuria Range trainedon handloom and support to enhance their production and marketing.
Job Fair and Certificate Giving Ceremony for CREL project beneficiaries:

The CREL project has been arranged a job fair and certificate giving ceremony at Cox’s Bazar cultural center for building relationship between beneficiaries (job seekers) and private sectors (employer). In this occasion 175 beneficiaries who have already got training on seven different trades (Hotel and hospitality management-37, Sales and Marketing-12, Mobile Servicing Technician-28, Hand Embroidery-22, Organic Drying Fish Process-22, Pickle Making-22 and Betel Leaf Packaging-33), from Windmill Education Services Ltd..CMCs presidents and secretaries, different government officials from department of Forest, Department of Environment, Department of Fisheries, USAID Representative, Chief of party of Winrock International, local and national print and electronic media and different private sectors (employer, especially Hotels, Tour operators, Mobile servicing) were present in the occasion
Youth Development-
Youths developed by in collaboration with Youth Training Center. The trades are Fish-livestock & Agriculture and also Vocational training ( Electrical trade) . The trained youths are employed and doing their own business.
Enterprise Developed by LSPs:
o Vermi compost production, packaging and marketing in the community and also outside.
o Vermi worm packaging and marketing.
o Vegetable seedling production and marketing.
o Fruits tree plantation in the homestead.
o Agri input sealing by LSPs.
Other Interventions:
o Savings and Loan group establish and operated by members independently.
o Community patrolling group establish fish culture project by leasing forest water bodies and operating successfully.
o Introduce mushroom culture.
o Farmers utilizing developed knowledge on multi-cropping.
o Youths employment through vocational training.
Learning’s:
a) New Technology- Climate Smart Agriculture technology Practices
b) Trade Wise LSP (Veg, Fish & Livestock) dimension
c) LSP Operated Their Business Plan
d) Demonstration & Replication
e) Eco-Friendly EC Guide Develop.
f) Buy-Back Mechanism Process
g) Vermi compost Production Technology & Its Use
h) Entrepreneurship Develop by doing FELC
i) Saving Loan Group Formation.
j) Market Linkages.
k) Value Chain Approach in Market development/ market Linkages.
l) Sac bag & Tower Technology for vegetable Cultivation.

Challenges:
a) Rainfall seasonality change or Heavy Rain that occurs Water logging.
b) Long Drought
c) Communication.
d) Migration
e) Invasion of Wild Animals into Vegetables
f) High Inputs Cost/ Production Cost High.
g) Access to good Inputs in Remote areas
h) Marketing & Local Level storage facility
i) Trade wise intervention (Same type Vegetable Cultivation/ New Crop production).
j) Access to Finance.
k) Scarcity of Fresh water for regular irrigation (Specially in Khulna Region)
l) Scarcity of saline Tolerance Seed (Specially in Khulna Region)
m) Abnormal Salinity in December-January-February.(Specially in Khulna Region)
n) In time resource person/Technical Person availability etc.
o) Insufficient Order, Supply Cotton & Irregular payment of Pebble Group

Nuton Alo
(2011-2016)
Introduction:
Mirjagonj Upazila is situated on the bank of mighty paira river under patuakhali district. Natural hazard like; cyclone, tidal surge, salinity & river erosion are the common phenomenon in this area so peoples of this upazila are to fight against above mentioned hazard for survival. One super cyclone can damage their existing livelihood which also forced them to enter into poverty club and in those situations, they expect some sorts of relief for their survival but this is not permanent solution. One shot relief program makes them idle and damages their mental & ethical strength so these types of strategy should be changed.
CODEC has been working with coastal people to develop their livelihood through undertaking different sorts of intervention since its inception and till today, Commitment towards coastal remain unchanged. In July 2011, Codec started to implement Natun Alo project in 2 union of Mirjagonj upazila under patuakhali district with the financial & technical assistance of Stomme Foundation(SF). The goal of the project is, by the year of 2016, 1000 poor and marginalized families of Patuakhali Districts of Bangladesh have improved economic status and enjoy their entitlements with dignity. There are five types of development are mentioned here in the project; the development of education, the development of health, the development of livelihood, establish people’s organization and raising awareness among the community people on DRR. During Last 5 years Different types of activities has been carried out to uplift their status on planned way. Each & every targeted families have a family development plan where clearly mentioned how family will proceed, what types resources will be required to execute FDP who will take key responsibility etc. NatunAlo project supported critical input support for smooth execution of FDP. From beginning to recently, this family development plan is being reviewed time to time to match the reality as well as purpose of progress measuring. In this year, FDP has been reviewed quite differently to make it more practical by incorporating some new ideas. In 1st half of this year every family will find out their dream value and will focus to find out alternative financial & technical source for executing family development plan smoothly.

Poultry farm at Mirjagonj
Goal & Objectives of the intervention:
Goal:
By 2016, 1000 poor and marginalized families of Patuakhali and Netrokona Districts of Bangladesh have improved livelihoods and enjoy their entitlements with dignity

Objectives:

Objective 1: By the end of 2016, strong civil society mechanism functioning to address and advocate for social and economic rights of people.
Objective 2: Improved Health and nutritional status of the 2,000 target families (especially mothers and children).
Objective 3: Children of the 2000 target families have access to quality basic and functional education.
Objective 4: 2,000 families have improved income generating opportunities
Objective 5: Target households have developed their resilient to natural disasters 1,000 families have improved income generating opportunities

Activities:
1.1 People’s Organization
1.2 Health and Nutrition
1.3 Basic and Functional Education
1.4 Economic Development
1.5 Disaster Risk Reduction

Donor: Stromme Foundation-Norway & ERIKS Foundation-Norway

Working area:
Sl. District Upazilla Union
01 Patuakhali Mirjagonj 1. Mirjagonj&
2. Dewli-Subidkhali
Number of Staff:
Sl. Male Female Total
01 13 03 16
Budget: Tk. 6,95,01,612

Project Period: July 2011 to December 2016

Achievements:
People’s Organization;
• 98 groups are vibrant ( SGP, Vision exercise, 98 CF promoted, 98 bank a/c)
• Total 5974760.00 taka group fund has been generated by small group
• 17 Ward committees are Functioning now
• Ward committee celebrated Human Right day, world aids day, International women day & hand washing day for raising awareness among the community people
• Road/embankment repaired initiative of ward committee
• 05 no. of Eye camp & 12 Health camp organized by ward committee.
• 34 members applied for khas land
• 47 target family members incorporated at different strategic position.
• 672 Families received 22 types of safety support from different duty bearer
• 50 Issues based campaign ( early marriage, Dowry, women repression & Open defecation) has been done by WC to raise community awareness.
• 245 Vaccination camp has been done by ward committee ( Cow-8775, Goat-20000, Duck-110587 & Hen-157265)
• Facilitated to organize open budget session of Union parishad as a result UP pronounced their yearly budget openly to the peoples
Economic Development
• 100% families have FDP
• 74 CSP developed for reaching the technical knowledge at community level
• 100% target family members trained on different IGAs
• 37050 peoples received knowledge & skill on different IGA through IGA Training
• Family income increased 232% times (Baseline; 2350
• Poultry chicks & Duckling production through Hazol s
• 85 Mini poultry Farm established
• 11 Duck hatchery has been promoted
• 16 brooder group & 4 broiler farm established at targeted family level.
• 78 Groups started beef fattening activities by Group approach. ( In group approach 145 beef
• Commercial vegetable garden & Nursery has been established.
• 765 families are rearing goat.
• Celebrated farmers field day to transfer best example among the community peoples
• SME & Market development plan dev.
Major positive changes happened among the community;
• Grow Positive attitude of government officials towards poor peoples
• First time Vision exercise make them realize the present situation & adopt next course of action
• Initiation of group IGA
• Relation building with different service providing agencies
• Develop savings mentality & analyze livelihood critically
• Unity & solidarity increased among the group people
• Grow Mentality to share best practices to each other
• Participation of Community people in every intervention of CNAP
• Poor people are getting access to Government line agency
Innovation & Best practices:
• Family Development plan
• Improvising traditional hatching method( Hazol)
• One day old poultry chicks rearing (Group IGA)
• Seed bank & Seed preservation at family level
• Establish Food bank at community level
• Community engagement in purchasing
• Vegetable production through using sand bag method
• Seedling production at family level through using hanging rope shelf method
• Community fund generation
• Labor sharing among the group members
• Message dissemination through cultural team
• Adopting Collective marketing strategy
Learning’s:
 SGP and FDP exercises help to shift the mind-set of targeted beneficiaries from relief mentality towards self-help mood.
 Sand bag & Hanging rope method have found effective to produce vegetable & vegetable plant during rainy season.
 Labor sharing among the group members & Participation of Community people in every intervention of CNAP
 One time sharing of information (IGA knowledge & other information) to the group members is not enough to changes behaviour and practices.
 Target People’s access into safety Net program has been increased due to increasing the capacity of Ward committee’s members
Challenges:
 Sustainability of existing IGA
 Initiation of community service provider at CNAP working area made positive impact but continuation of CSP is a big challenge.
 Continuation of Duck hatching in winter season was little bit difficult.
 Political unrest is one of the biggest challenge to implement the activity smoothly
 Sustainability of existing IGA
 “Attitude & behavior towards relief among the peoples” is all time challenge for this region but day by day peoples mind set has been shifted through our motivational effort.
 Migration, Internal displacement & Seasonal migration

Socio-Economic Empowerment with Dignity & Sustainability(SEEDS – 2012-2017)
Introduction:
CODEC is a non-government development organization and working for well-beings of disadvantaged coastal communities in Bangladesh since 1985. The prime objectives of CODEC are to ensure prosperous, empowered and healthy coastal communities with equal rights, dignity and social justice irrespective of caste, creed and gender.
As a community driven and learning organization, CODEC realizes that poverty and disempowerment are interlocked. From long-term working experiences of CODEC in coastal districts, findings from problem tree analysis & lessons from previous program in Bagerhat and adjunct districts helped to develop problem statement which is in nutshell;
 Lack of collective voice and platform of marginalized people,
 Lack of access of quality education,
 Lack of access to service provisions and entitlements,
 Lack of pro-poor microfinance operations and weak market linkage,
 Less empowered adolescents & prevailing disparity, inequity & Violence Against Women (VAW)
Goal & Objectives of the intervention:
Goal: By end of 2018; 4,000 deprived families from disadvantaged communities have access in mainstream of socio economic development with dignity. Besides 22,000 poor families will be covered by the intervention of Microfinance.
Objectives:
 To develop 15 People’s Organizations (POs)
 To improve sustainable livelihoods with dignity of 4,000 marginalized families
 To access to quality education and completion of primary and secondary education of 12,000 eligible children
 Occupational skills (including life skill education) acquirement of 1,250 adolescents and 500 youths within marginalized communities
 To facilitate better market opportunities and financial services for 17,400 Microfinance members
 To protect 4,000 children against vulnerabilities at household and community level

Activities:
• Improvement of socio economic life with dignity for poor families
• Development of People’s Organizations (POs)
• Improvement of sustainable livelihoods with dignity of marginalized families
• Access to quality education and completion of primary and secondary education
• Social and economic empowerment of adolescents and youths within marginalized communities
• Facilitating better market opportunities and financial services for Microfinance members
• Protecting children against vulnerabilities at household and community level
Donor: STRØMME Foundation
Working area:Bagerhat District
Sl. District Upazilla Union
01 01 04 10

Number of Staff:
Sl. Male Female Total
01 21 09 30

Budget: BDT 10,93,62,732
Project Period: 2014 to December 2018
Savings program of Self Reliant Group

Achievements:
There are some important & significant results are achieved in this year which are systematically given in below;
 300 Self Reliant Group are actively working & performing their planned activities in a collective way. It is remarkable that 35% SRG have found functional & members of the group are actively participating in different activities. They regularly conducting fruitful meeting with effective decisions. They also started to mobilize their own resources collectively. They are involved in developing linkages & networks with different stakeholders.
 Family Development Plan of target 4000 families is completed in earlier 2015. These target families are involved in implementing their action plan & dreams. For promoting target families IGAs different trade based IGA training ongoing. 79% FDP members received IGA based training in different trade & their skill developed in these trades. As a result target families are initiated IGAs & increased their income. 32% (1285) families implemented 70% of activities under FDP. Their dream to develop their families is going experience real change. 27% of target families doubled their productive &non-productive asset in respect of their previous baseline situation.
 09 ward committee (secondary group) formed & continuing their regular meeting & trying to reunite their collective power & effort
 For increasing quality of education & enabling joyful learning environment CODEC working with 20 disadvantaged mainstream schools. Different capacity building workshop and meetings are regularly organized to develop capacity of SMCs. Effective School development plan is already developed of each school through active participation of teachers, SMCs, Parents & students. 50% of SMCs are now functional and performing their roles and responsibilities to contribute in development of school. Teaching – learning environment of school is also developed day by day. Fearless & joyful learning environment in classroom is also promoted in school. Co-curricular activities are also regularly organized in school. 50% schools are also able to ensure joyful learning environment.
 In 19 Bridge School 277 drop out children are enrolled. These children are now confident & bridging their gap of breaking journey of education. Their interest to go back in mainstream school is also growing day by day. Already ongoing 19 Bridge school also able to established effective linkage with respective formal/ mainstream school for enrolling these drop out children’s. Bridge School Management Committee (BSMC) plays vital role in this regard.
 17 Shonglap centre with 330 adolescents is ongoing& 15 new shonglap of 302 adolescents is also newly started. 50% Shonglap adolescents are found participating in family decision making process. They are now aware on their life related issues & more confident to negotiate their own issues. They are also aware on social protection and undertaking social actions for promotion of social protection. Different types of performance like drama, group songs and pictorial presentation they also demonstrate in different occasion for increasing mass awareness in community level.
 A total no. of 432 adolescents graduated from 20 Shonglap centre in 2015. 20 Shonglap II of 500 adolescents is also ongoing. These adolescents are participating in family decision making process as well as involved with different IGAs. Graduate adolescents are aware on life skill and social protection and they also involved in protecting VAW in family & community level. 100% of adolescents are aware & well known about VAW & engage in protecting VAW
 05% of MF members are graduated as entrepreneur
Beside the above important results there are some important achievements are also captured which are given in below;
The inhabitant of Kalikabaribari was struggling for communication & also had barrier in channel crossing. SRG members of Ammbaria and ShalaNodi had taken initiatives for making a sakko. With the help of other villagers, they are able to make a ‘SAKKO’ on the channel Chorokhkhal through collective effort. Now all the villagers and students move easily.
In MakordonAbason there is a rehabilitation project for land less vulnerable families. Here landless families were coming from different communities. SRG members of ‘Sesh’ Bangladesh and ‘Sabuj’ Bangladesh are also living at Makordon Abason of Mongla Upazilla. They have also limited land. Now they are involved in goat rearing. CSP on livestock helped them for vaccination and provide technical support to them. They also communicated with upazilla livestock officer for goat treatment.
From agricultural Extension Division Masura Bagum the secretary of ‘Tiea’ SRG of Ronosen, Rampal Upazila in February, 2016 received 80-kilogram ginger seeds for demonstration plot on behalf of the group.
International Women Day-2016 was observed at Uzalkur secondary high school in participation of SRG group members Shoglap adolescents of Rampal Upazilla. UNO of Rampal upazilla were the chief guest as well as vice chairman upazilla& woman affairs officers were the special guest of the program. SRG members also taken part at upazilla level rally.
Group members of Esamoti SRG of Gangni union under Mollahat upazilla are involved in group IGA. They lese a piece of land with their saving and cultivate chilly. After fulfilling their family needs By sellings rest chilly they earned 10000 taka. Earlier CSP provided them training technical support.
Adolescents of Shonglap Centre jointly day observed of International Women Day-2016 along with. Upazilla women affairs officers attended in rally and discussion meeting. After discussion meeting adolescents of shonglap center presented Shonglap related song.
Upailla education officer distributed NCTB Booksto the Ananda Mela Bridge school Students at , Chitolmari, Bagerhat. During the book distribution of Bridge school students, Upazilla Education officer of Chotolmari Upazilla says,”It’s a very effective and visual program, CODEC always help the Govt. activity. Bridge School program is one of them. I hope in future these students will be become great asset in our country.
Adoloscent’s of Belli Kishori Angon , pergobindapur , Rampal, Bagerhat ,received Ansar VDP Training at Rampal Upozilla, which organized by Upazilla female affairs, Rampal, Bagerhat. Based on this training adolescents will do something in future and they will be become self reliant.
After one year completion, Natun Ghosegati 09 Bridge school students got admitted in mainstream school (ghatbila Govt. Primary School). They are now getting stipend from their school. They are now regularly attending in class and do well in the examination. They are very happy and pleased because are able to getting back in school.
Learning’s:
 FDP families are started working based on their dream & action plan as like; homestead gardening, small scale poultry farming, goat rearing, fish culture & other local indigenous IGAs.
 Individual small scale Savings & Group Savings
 Drop out students have got access to education & they also continue in mainstream education
 Adolescents of Shonglap center are aware about learning issues & they practiced it in individual & family level. Shonglap Adolescents are also able to participate in family decision making process & contributing in family income
 BSMC & SRG have taken responsibility to follow-up activity of bridge school
 Project Staff Capacity Building on Process facilitation, RBA, Result Management
Challenges:
 Seasonal Variation & decreasing trend of attendance in centre such as rainy season, fishing time etc.
 Migration for searching job & social clash
 Challenge to maintain drop-out students & adolescents in some cases
 Hard to manage Community conflicts & local politics in program operation
 Information hiding tendency by different actor
 Less emphasize to NGO activities by Local Govt. bodies
 Lack of resource & capacity of Local Govt. bodies to support the selected beneficiaries & also prevailing nepotism
 Water logging & flash flood

CODEC-ECOFISH
(2015-2017)
The Project Director and WFC personnel at field level consultation

Introduction:
The ECOFISHBD project utilizes an innovative research in development approach to address the development challenges prioritized by local, national and regional stakeholders. The United States Agency for International Development (USAID) – funded Enhanced Coastal Fisheries project seeks to improve the resilience of the Hilsa fishery in the Padma-Meghna river ecosystem and the livelihoods that depend upon it.
USAID, World Fish and the Government of Bangladesh (GoB) have come together to support the country’s coastal fishing communities and improve food security through fisheries management initiatives. The USAID funded ECOFISHBD Project has started an immense operation to conserve the hilsa fishery and aquatic biodiversity by involving the different interlinked stakeholders.
Hilsa considered as the ‘national fish’ of Bangladesh. It is an anadromus fish, called ‘Ilish’ in Bengali and commonly known as ‘Indian shad’. It migrates from the Bay of Bengal to the rivers Padma, Meghna and its tributaries for breeding and nursing purposes (Rahman, M.J. 2006). We have worked at those villages which are adjacent of the river Andhar Manik (main breeding ground of Hilsa).
Hilsa is very popular in Bangladesh not only for its economic aspects but also for its unique taste. Presence of oleic acid, stearic acid and different unsaturated fatty acid are mainly responsible for such delicious taste (Nath and Banerjee, 2012). The high nutritional value, taste and culinary properties of Hilsa amply justify the popular Bengali saying ‘macher raja ilish’, meaning ‘king of fish’. But it is matter of regret that availability of Hilsa is decreasing day by day (Haldar and Islam, 2003).Aimed at limiting the Hilsa fishery resources, it is to be noted that ECOFISHBD is trying to establish the co-management where the local resource user groups will conserve the natural resources for sustainable uses. Realizing the situation the government of Bangladesh has declared five areas of the coastal rivers as Hilsa protected areas and imposed ban period on Hilsa fishing. The government has also taken initiatives to compensate the earning loss of fishers by providing rice but the amount is not satisfactory as the fishers live below the poverty line and struggle to survive with income, food security, nutrition, health, and sanitation.
Goal & Objectives of the intervention:
Improve Resilience of Estuarine Ecosystem and livelihoods of community reliant on the Hilsa Fishery.
• Hilsa Fisheries Management & Biodiversity Conservation.
• Socio-economic improvement of fishermen by Co-management with alternative income generation during ban period
• Scientific Study

Activities:
a. Hilsa Fisher’s Village Selection
b. Hilsa Fisher’s Selection
c. HCG-Hilsa Conservation Group Form and aware them on govt. rules by monthly meeting
d. Form CSG-Community Savings Group among fisher’s wife
e. Form HGG-HilsaGhat Group
f. Form Union based and Upazila based co-management committee
g. Input support to all selected fishers according to their need.

Donor: World Fish Centre
Working area:

Sl. District Upazilla Union
1 Barisal Barisal,Hizla&
Mehendigonj Chormonai
Borojalia, Horinathpur&Dhulkhola
ChorEkkuria,Ulania&Vasanchor
2 Patuakhali Kalapara,Galachipa
Bauphol, Dosmina Nilgonj, Mohipur and KuakataPourosova
Galachipa&Panpotti ,Kalaia&Nazirpur
Ronogopaldi
Number of Staff:
Sl. Male Female Total
15 1 16

Budget: Tk. 1,99,40,407/-
Project Period: October 2015 to September 2017
Achievements:
ECOFISHBD is trying to regain enrich conditions of our rivers and our Hilsa stock. From this endeavor, different research, co-management approach, livelihood development, gender approaches are being forwarded for overall management of our national fish.
o Fishers are following govt. rules:
o Stop catching Brood Hilsa.
o Stop catching Jatka
o Day by day decreasing using of illegal net
o Livelihood support to create alternative livelihood options. The support are as follows;
Learning’s:
• Need sanctuary based functional co-management approach.
• Homestead vegetable production was successful and showed visible impacts on the food security and livelihood of fishing households. A year-round vegetable production plan is needed which should include market linkages.
• Some stakeholders like rich and political leaders in the landing centers sometimes dominate the fishers. Need close attention from both Government and project people for formation of landing center group.
• Last year ban period are strictly maintained rather than the other years. That why we get huge hilsa now a days. If beneficiaries obey the rules and regulation of government then we will get more and more hilsa.
• Who try to earn something new in ban period they are living better than the others fishers.
• To stop illegal fishing by using illegal nets, it is necessary to provide legal nets by exchanging their illegal nets.
• The co-management approaches have challenges in different forms. The village profiling and HCG group formation mechanism needs to be strategic and tactic deliberation for overcoming different challenges.
• For finding out the actual data from the fishers; door to door census is must.

Challenges:
Among the major activities completed in this year-2 (January-September) there were some challenges we faced are listed below-
• This is year-2 and it is nine months year for our project. We don’t get more time to provide AIGA support to covered 100% beneficiaries due to lack of time. It hampers to provide season based AIGA support.
• In HCG meeting attendance of male participants are decreasing day by day regarding their fishing.
• It is difficult to take concentration of beneficiaries for 2.5 hours at HCG meeting.
• Limited time frame of work, the more accuracy of information is difficult.
• Communication from Barisal to Mehendiganj by launch is so tough.
• Massive river erosion and natural calamities.
• Ponds are over flooded due to tidal action. For this reason aquaculture practices are hampered.
• Cyclone “Roanu” destroyed homestead vegetable production. So it difficult to recover it.
• Political interference is extremely hinders our works at Hizla especially when we distribute different AIGA supports to fishers.
• Ensure AIGA support of 100% beneficiaries within reporting time by a TO for 03 upazila.
• It is difficult to find out migratory beneficiaries who replace themselves another area due to river erosion.
Security, Market Access, Rights and Transparency in Coastal Bangladesh: SMART(2014-2016)
Introduction:
CODEC has been implementing the project Security, Market Access, Rights and Transparency in Coastal Bangladesh With the financial and technical support of ICCO COOPERATION, that will strengthen the livelihood capacity and sustainability of target households (45000 HHs) among the absolute vulnerable population living in the most disaster-prone coastal areas of Southern Bangladesh.
By 2019, the poor and hard-core poor households of 45 Upazilas of 9 districts namely Chittagong, Laxipur, Noakhali, Pirujpur, Patuakhali, Barguna, Barisal, Khulna and Bagerhat will get their life and livelihood improved. This project includes various activities like income generating activities, improvement of life-style, Disaster Risk Reduction, establishment of social right over the khas land (Public Land) by the landless hard-core households and these activities will help the poor households improve life and livelihood, establish right on public land and get access to new market point to sell their production in high price. Moreover they will be able to be climate resilient – if they become victim of any natural disaster, they will be able to cope up after that very soon. In addition, they will be able to protect themselves from the severe impact of climate change.
Households lack skills and knowledge on modern aquaculture, crop and vegetable production technology (pre-cultivation, cultivation methods and post cultivation) as a consequence – productivity is low. Because they don’t have the know-how on quality input, modern method of cultivation and post harvesting processing and thus result low quality produce with moderate or low market value. An indication of progress would be that beneficiaries can now demonstrate these skills and increase their livelihood. Vegetable cultivation at homestead
Goal & Objectives of the intervention:
As a reflection of the challenges faced by the coastal communities identified in Part 1, the overall goal of the programme is as follows:

By end 2019 the programme has strengthened the coping mechanisms and enhanced the livelihood sustainability of 45.000 absolute poor, landless and vulnerable households including marginal farmers living in the most disaster-prone coastal areas through a holistic, cross-cutting approach covering specific measures to increase safety, improve market access and reclaim rights.
Three axes of activity clustered in three specific objectives will underpin and lead to this change in the lives of the 45.000 households:
Objective 1 – Activity line: Safety
At the end of 2019, one thousand vulnerable households affected by climate changes perUpazilla in a total of approximately 45 sub-districts (upazillas) have started implementing the national standard disaster preparedness plans thereby making vulnerable households more resilient to natural calamities and negative effects of climate change. In the first phase awareness and a process will be initiated.
Objective 2 – Activity line: Market Access
Sustainable income opportunities of 22.500 households enhanced by 50% in five years (2019) through enhanced household productivity as target groups have engaged in improved techniques and building new market points to sell collectively and in bulk at higher prices.
Objective 3 – Activity line: Rights
By the end of December 2019, 5% of the landless from the target population will initiate a process to establish their rights onkhaslands and common water zones in the programme area. Moreover these Households will be linked with GoB safety net as much as possible.
Activities:
1. Facilitate Training on Agriculture, aquaculture and Livestock.
2. Organize monthly group meeting on technical issues like agriculture, livestock and aquaculture.
3. Established demo plot.
4. Identify the potential private sector for providing training in coast sharing basis and sign agreement with private sectors or company.
5. Organize and facilitate training for input supplier
6. Organize and facilitate training for livestock workers
7. Establish collection point.
8. Facilitate meeting between collection point and private sectors.
9. Conduct vaccination camping for birds and poultry.
10. Meeting with UP and Upazilla administration for advocacy on Khas land.
Donor: ICCO Cooperation Bangladesh
Working area:
District Upajilla
Patuakhali&Barguna Patuakhali Sadar, Dumki, Kalapara, Bauphal, Galachipa, Betagi, Patharghata, BargunaSadar, Taltoli, Amtoli
Barisal Barisal Sadar, Gauranadi, Babugonj, Bakergonj, Hizla
Bagerhat Chittolmari, Rampal, Mongla, Mollarhat

Number of Staff:
Sl. Male Female Total
1 38 15 53

Budget: Tk. 11,12,75,469/=
Project Period: October 2014- September 2016
Achievements:
• Project provided training on agriculture, aquaculture and livestock. Total 2222 marginal farmers received training on agriculture (summer and winter) and 278 received training on aquaculture and 2500 hardcore received on livestock .
• A total of 2500 households have received seed. 2500 hard core poor received livestock ( chicken and duck)
• 84% of beneficiaries have increased income from major sources like; vegetable, aquaculture production, livestock rearing, egg selling, fishing, and small business.
• 87% beneficiaries used improve pit, 83% used improve bed, 89% HHs used organic fertilizer and 69% used organic pesticide for disease management instead of traditional practices.
• Beneficiaries are producing different types of vegetable in summer and winter season like; tomato, cabbage, cauliflower, sweet gourd, bringal, ass gourd, bottle guard, okra etc and average vegetable production 47 kg/ decimal.
• 85% HHs availed to resume livelihood activities within 2 weeks following a natural disaster and developed capability for searching the alternative options to address their livelihood.
• Seven Collection Point (codec part) has fully established and Management Committees are (CPMC) playing proactive role to ensure market development and develop enabling environment. Farmers are selling their product through these collection points and getting fair price.
• Vaccination campaign assisted to farmers reducing mortality rate. Total 40 Vaccination campaign has organized during this period.
• DAE, DoF and livestock department appreciated to CODEC-SMART project management for maintaining close cooperation with them for program implementation.
• Developed 20 livestock health worker through livestock basic training. Now they are providing vaccination support to the rural poor people.
• Marginal Farmers received knowledge and information on appropriate technology practicing instead of traditional practices i.e. improve pit and bed, organic pest control, use of fertilizer, germination, hand pollination, etc.
• Farmers are able to identify the best practices.
• Use of organic fertilizer like; compost, natural fertilizers have been increasing day by day.
• Project provided training on quality seed of 40 small input supplier through commercial seed company and govt. Now they are selling quality seed to the poor beneficiary and established a strong relationship among beneficiary, govt., and Seed Company
• Total 61 hardcore poor received khas lands and 800 beneficiaries applied for khasland.
• 3026 beneficiary received different type of safety net
• Established 30 demonstrations plot (15 vegetable, 15 aquaculture) As a learning plot, created great opportunity to community farmers for increasing knowledge and skill.
• Increased 625 farmers knowledge on improve production technology, quality seed and fingerling, data collecting process, observation capacity from demo plot.
• Farmers have gained knowledge about comparison of technology, production, irrigation system, quality product species identification and market value.
o Conducted 4 MOU with private seed and livestock company ltd which helps to CODEC-SMART project to conduct training jointly through cost sharing.
• 85% HHs able to resume livelihood activities within 2 weeks following a natural disaster and develop capability for searching the alternative options to address their livelihood.
• Five agreement signed with seed company and livestock produce medicine company.
Learning’s:
• Agricultural production are increased and Farmers are motivated to produce in large scale
• They became confident about their production
• Established communication with Upazila Livestock officer and helped to receive guidance, technical assistance & vaccine easily, So that,the mortally rate of livestock has reduced. Other Upazilla agriculture/aquaculture officers are showing their interest also because they are getting good field for disseminate the technical information.
• Farmers are capable to use and make organic fertilizer.
• Integration of different parties/actors in livelihood activities, beneficiaries can easily get their required Input & technical support at their village level.
• Among the technology, farmers are more accept sex pheromone trap, compost, hand pollination and improve pit.
• If we can make market access through collection point then the villagers get good price of their product. Collection point is one of the major factors for getting good price and quality seeds because all type of market actors are available here. Market actors are showing their interest because all are getting business.
• Farmers are able to identify the quality seed and input as they got training on it.
• Sharing idea with different stakeholders ( public and private) improving the linkage & network with farmers as a result farmers are became more interest to use improve technology and they getting information on door.
• Farmers are using their small piece of land for production as they got technical information for more production and how to use this land productively.
• Previously they produced one or two verity but now they are producing the many high value crops.
• Farmers are able to disseminate their technologies among others
• Farmers are self sufficient to gather and sell their production through Collection Point or Aggregation Point
• Farmers have gathered knowledge about crop rotation
• Private sector engagement complete to LHW
• Aggregation Point, Collection Point, Bulking are practiced in this area to sale there production
• They are able to identify quality full fingerlings
• They have sufficient skill to identify any problems with rescue during production
• Beneficiaries are able to create new design according to buyers’ demand
• They are able to introduce with new business sectors.
• Collection point concept improved the engagement the local women in the market system

Challenges:
• Due to continue drought & salinity, vegetable production is hampered & same area’s crops are damaged.
• Continue the Long time drought & low water level in pond, could not storage fingerling in time.
• Due to geographical location (in the sea site), soil is high sandy loam, excess salinity and lack of irrigation facilities, difficult to ensure maximum production of vegetables.
• Natural hazard like as high tide, heavy rainfall, salinity and recent cyclone ROANU hampered the production.
• Cyclone ROANU was affected Barisal region; so far most of the vegetable garden was damaged, it is difficult to cover instantly.

Household Economic and Food Security of Extreme Poor (HEFS)-Shiree Project(2009-2016)
Introduction:
The Economic Empowerment of the Poorest Programme (EEP) is a joint initiative of the Government of Bangladesh and UKAid (EEP Challenge Fund) from the Department of International Development (DFID). The programme adopted the title SHIREE – Stimulating Household Improvements Resulting in Economic Empowerment. The aim of SHIREE is to support the Government of Bangladesh achieve the Millennium Development Goal targets MDG 1 and 2 of eradicating extreme poverty and hunger by 2015. The project, having commenced in 2009, was implemented in its first phase – up to 2012 – by six partners, of which Save the Children, Bangladesh (SCiBD) was one of the partners along with two sub-partners namely CODEC and Prodipan, covering 15,000 extreme poor households. SCiBD was subsequently awarded and extension for the second phase of the project till 2015, covering an additional 27,000 households.

SCiBD’s SHIREE intervention covers the Southwest districts of Khulna and Bagerhat. These districts have three distinct agro-ecological regions, which shape the livelihoods of the people. The southern-most region, adjacent to the sea is the extreme saline region, dependent largely on nature (ex. fishing) for livelihood. Extreme salinity poses a significant problem on drinking water and health. The central areas are the fish culture zone. Since the labour requirement for shrimp cultivation is low, labour opportunities are limited, resulting in greater migration of poor households.

Goal &Purpose of the intervention:
Goal: The project goal is to ensure Government of Bangladesh MDG 1 (targets 1 and 2) on income poverty and hunger reductions are achieved by 2015.
Purpose: The project purpose is to facilitate 42,000 extreme poor households in the coastal areas to graduate out of extreme poverty within three years.
Activities:
a. Facilitate issues based courtyard sessions to create awareness among the beneficiary members;
b. Facilitate skill and occupational training to BHHs for effectively operating the selected IGA;
c. Assets transfer to selected project beneficiaries considering the household based skill and resources;
d. Organize orientation and periodic meetings for community support group (CSG) to work as pressure groups at community level;
e. Organize DRR meetings with community people and UP representatives to provide guidance for emergency preparedness;
f. Beneficiary Households monitoring and help them for linking with service providers;
g. Facilitate BHHs for enrolment with government and NGOs safety net programs;
h. Facilitate BHHs for access over khas land;
i. Educate BHHs for opening institutional savings to sustain their livelihoods;
j. Facilitate dependent BHHs (disable/old aged/single headed vulnerable people) for making them linkage with well off people helping support from CSG/SMC/UP;
k. Routine monitoring, tracking and updating, identifying gaps and to take management decision;
l. Facilitate BHHs and CSGs to establish linkages as alternative arrangements;
m. Educate project staffs and project volunteers to smoothly implement the project activities;
n. Educate targeted BHHs for nutrition aspect especially on IYCF;
o. Facilitate BHHs members especially for pregnant women, adolescent girls, lactating mothers to maintain personal hygiene, exclusively breast feeding, complementary and supplementary food, EPI etc.
p. Educate BHHs to increase nutritional status and for reducing under weight and stunting providing Ducks, seeds for home gardening and hand washing station;
q. Facilitate BHHs for making micro-plan, revising micro-plan, in-depth IGA analysis and provide inputs;
r. Advocacy with Government agencies and local government bodies through organizing effective various events including exit events;
s. Contributory group fund (CGF) formation and support to respective CGF with contributory savings;

Donor: SAVE THE CHILDREN
Working area:
District: Bagerhat
Upajilla: Morrelgonj
Union: MorrelgonjSadar, Baroikhali, Nishanbaria, Khaulia, Baharbunia, Boloibunia, Hoglabunia, Putikhali, Ramchandrapur, Chingrakhali, Doibaggyahati, Teligati, Panchakaran, Banogram, Jeudhara.
Upajilla: Rampal- Union: RampalSadar,Bhojpatia,Ujalkur, Bashtali, Baintala, Perikhali, Mollickerber, Gourambha, Rajnagar, Hurka.

Upajilla: Mongla- Union: Chandpai, Mithakhali, Sonailtala, Sundarban, Chilla.

Upajilla: Chitalmari-Union:ChitalmariSadar, Santoshpur, Charbaniar, Shibpur, Hizla, Barobaria, Kolatala.

Number of Staff:
Sl. Male Female Total
01 50 155 205
Budget: NCE Period: BDT 5,648,501, Total Budget for the whole project period: BDT 382,052,459
Project Period: April 2009 to 31st August 2016
Household visit by SHIREE official
Achievements:

Enhanced capacities of rural extreme poor to access safety nets/social protection:
It is necessary to access over safety nets by the project beneficiaries for ensuring their quality livelihoods as the project supports is not enough for coming them out of extreme poverty. In view of this, since its inception, CODEC tried to link beneficiaries with different service providers and supply sides both GO (20,067 extreme poor), NGO(10,296 extreme poor) and private organizations through building relationship and also arranging formal and informal meetings and though applying advocacy mechanism.

Preparation of exit plan.
With a view to sustain the project impact after phasing out the project, exit plan was prepared with setting some modalities. In accordance with the modalities, exit events such as project update, sharing and things to be done for future planning at district level and at Upazila level, Union level updating and sharing meetings, Union level CSG meetings, Local Technical Committee (LTC) Meetings at Upazila level, Meetings with business associations, Meetings with selected entrepreneurs, exit meeting with community mentors, Meetings with CDMP/BDPC at Upazila level etc. have been organized and implemented successfully.

Productive asset base and livelihoods options of extreme poor rural households enhanced:
With a view to enhance capacity of project beneficiaries to increase productive base assets, training on occupational skills have been provided to project beneficiaries such small business, fish culture and crab fattening, poultry and livestock and homestead gardening etc. As a result, diversified income and productive base assets have been created at beneficiary households’ level so that beneficiaries can operate their IGAs smoothly. Besides, beneficiaries have been given orientation for keeping daily or weekly income and expenditures accounts so that they can keep their capital up and even they can deposit savings for meeting their future needs. A total of 22,500 households have provided assets in different IGAs based on the micro-plan.

Access to Khas land
CODEC facilitates the project beneficiaries for acquisition of Khas land those are being possessed and occupied and also are currently residing on the land. CODEC has ensured to supply the government prescribed application form to the deserving beneficiaries. CODEC also facilitates to orient beneficiaries to maintain the process for receiving khas land such as collecting landless certificate from UP chairman, joint photographs (Husband and Wife), and with application containing all things like Mouja Number, Khatian Number, Dag number, JL number etc. A total of 1432 beneficiary households submitted applications to AC-Land offices throughout the 4 Upazilas such as Morrelgonj, Mongla, Rampal and Chitalmari respectively. Meanwhile, a total of 275 beneficiary households have received Khasland permanently.

Capacities of extreme poor households enhanced to practice existing or new livelihoods, including climate resilient livelihoods:
In a bid to increase diversified sources of income, CODEC provided technical, vocational, education and training (TVET) to adolescent girls and boys of beneficiary households so that quality of livelihoods of beneficiaries have not been become vulnerable due to different shocks and also considering the climatic resiliency. Besides, adolescent girls and boys can continue their education expenses through earning income from such tvet trades. A total of 283 boys and girls have been given tvet cumulatively from the project period in different trades such as tailoring & dress making, farm mechanic, electrical house wiring, mobile servicing, beauty parlor and net shopping bag making etc.

Improved ability of extreme poor households to demand social entitlements related to nutrition, health, education, water and sanitation:
Under the output, a bunch of activities have been accomplished throughout the project period. The activities are orientation and training on courtyard sessions for community mentors (CM) and community pusti karmi, health referral supports to project beneficiaries, information dissemination through courtyard session on nutrition, health, education, watsan, rights and safety nets etc. A total of 662 courtyards are covered all 22,500 beneficiaries.
Improve knowledge on Exclusive breastfeeding
Project conduct a vital activity for ensuring the safely growth of child for both physically and mentally. Exclusively breastfeeding means a mother will lactate to her child exclusively for 6 months breastfeeding without supplementary and complementary or any substitute feeding. In view of this, CODEC identified as many as 2,596 lactating mothers from targeted 11,630 beneficiaries under the nutrition component.

Enhanced capacities of extreme poor households to adapt to risks and shocks, including climate variability, extreme events and long term-changes:
Under the output, the project developed seasonal calendar, set up billboards bearing disaster related messages at every Union Parishad. CODEC distributed seasonal calendar to project beneficiary households and also set up bill boards at Union level appropriate places. A total of 37 bill boards established and 5,000 seasonal calendars distributed among the beneficiaries those are residing river basin areas.
Learning’s:
• Household Micro planning with five capital analysis and also economic analysis individual household may be helpful for selection potential IGA which will be finally helped for coming out poverty.
• Change Monitoring System (CMS) is a unique tool for beneficiary progress tracking which will sustain the project beneficiaries.
• Inclusive targeting is another key factor for covering all types of beneficiaries such as old aged people, disable people, women headed family those are really extreme poor.
• Strategy of assets transfer is a unique tool which is covered all process from selection of beneficiary to transfer inputs.
• Established social linkage for disable, old aged and destitute and extreme poor women with community well off people in guidance with local informal committees like CSG or SMC or religious committees for looking after beyond the project.
• Engagement local youths as community mentors/community pusti karmi with the project which can help for sustaining and for longer period.
Challenges:
During the project period, on behalf of the project, we have been faced some challenges on implement the project activities. The major challenges are:
• Seasonal migration from the project beneficiaries especially from MorrelgonjUpazila was very crucial for us. Because, when we went and visited to know the situation of the beneficiary households as part of monitoring, we failed to meet with them as they migrated to elsewhere. And even, we did not provide supplementary support to them as failed households.
• We are experienced to see that a 10%-13% household yet to sustainable graduation and out of poverty due to dependent household members more within the family but there is found a single income earner. Besides, dependent poor such as old aged, persons with disability and women headed family could not still come out from the poverty cycle.
• Geographically outreach is another factor to come out from the poverty where there is less market access to sustain their quality livelihoods.
• Natural disaster like heavy down pour and salinity intrusion hampered to increase diversified income and even disfavor for homestead gardening.
• There is an area where existed a limited scope of income options and shrimp cultivation which is aggravated the problems more through abolishing other ancestral livelihoods.
• A health shock is another key challenge which hampered gains of individual household.

Program for Strengthening Household Access to Resources –PROSHAR (2010-2015)
Introduction :
The Program for Strengthening Household Access to Resources (PROSHAR), a USAID funded Title- II Multi-Year Assistance Program in Bangladesh managed by ACDI/VOCA, is an integrated initiative that promotes sustainable livelihood strategies, improved health and nutrition, and enhanced ability to respond to shocks. ACDI/VOCA is responsible for overall program success and compliance, as well as interventions for improving livelihoods (strategic objective (SO) 1) and monetization and commodity management. iDE is a sub recipient under SO1 that supports improved market linkages. Working with our sub recipient, Project Concern International (PCI), which is the technical lead for the health and nutrition and disaster risk reduction strategic objectives, SO 2 and SO 3, respectively, the program has made significant progress during the past years in reaching beneficiaries and adjusting strategies to maximize impact.
Goal:
Reduced Food Insecurity among vulnerable Rural Populations in selected Upazillas in Khulna division
Objectives:
Strategic Objective 1: Income and access to food of poor and ultra poor households increased;
Strategic Objective 2: Health of pregnant and lactating women and children under 5 (with particular attention to children under 2) improved;
Strategic Objective 3: Institutions and households prepared to respond effectively to shocks;
Working Area:
District: Bagerhat, Upazilla: Sharankhola, Union: Dhansagar, Khontakata, Royenda and Southkhali
Activities of Livelihood Component:
a. Training for master trainer. ( agriculture, aquaculture and livestock)
Sunflower cultivation as a new crop
b. Established demo plot
c. Market linkage.
d. Field day observation.
Number of Total Staffs: Male: 37 Female: 25 Total: 62
Approved Budget: 101,521,201/- ( 4 approved budgets)
Project Period: October 2010 to May 2015
Name of Donor: ACDI-VOCA

Achievements:
• Master Trainer trained through 24 batches TOT on Homestead Vegetable Gardening, Rice cultivation (Local Variety) , Mix Mini Orchard , Maize Cultivation, Mungbean Cultivation, Saline/Boro rice cultivation, Quality Rice seed production, Quality Vegetable seed production, Sun Flower cultivation in Agriculture subsectors.
• Beneficiaries trained through 35 batches Old Strategy training on Homestead Vegetable Gardening, Rice cultivation (Local Variety), Mix Mini Orchard, Maize Cultivation, Grass pea Cultivation, Saline/Boro rice cultivation, Quality seed production, Water Mellon in Agriculture subsectors.
• Master Trainer trained through 16 batches TOT on Indigenous Poultry Rearing, Duck Rearing, Small Ruminant (HP/CP), Broiler Rearing, Beef fattening/Dairy cow rearing in Poultry & Livestock subsector.
• Beneficiaries trained through 22 batches Old Strategy training on Indigenous Poultry Rearing, Duck Rearing, Small Ruminant (HP), Broiler Rearing, Beef fattening/Dairy cow rearing in Poultry & Livestock subsector.
• Master Trainer trained through 11 batches TOT on Tilapia, Carp Poly culture, Prawn- Carp Poly culture, Dike Cropping in Aquaculture Subsector..
• Beneficiaries trained through 12 batches Old Strategy training on Tilapia, Carp Poly culture, Prawn- Carp Poly culture, Dike Cropping in Aquaculture subsector.
• Master Trainer received refreshers through 50 batches refresher TOT.
• Master Trainer disseminates their training learning’s and technology through 1017 FFS’s (Farmers Field School) in multiple sessions for Beneficiaries, a total 9153 (Male -3564 Female -5589) beneficiaries trained in 1017 Farmers Field School..
• Study plots and Demo plots established
• CODEC under PROSHAR celebrated Farmers Field Day (FFD) for final demonstration.
• In PROSHAR intervention MSE was select from On-farm (Agriculture, Aquaculture and Poultry & Livestock) and off- farm (Tailoring, Woven craft, and Bamboo craft). FaaB is a methodology that ACDI/VOCA promotes around the world which encourages farmers to treat their farms as businesses. CODEC was trained producers group in FaaB concepts with modules designed for the various sub sectors i.e. horticulture, aquaculture and poultry and livestock sectors for Micro and Small (MSE) development for their capacity building. In the project period it was organized a total 29 batches three days basic training events and 29 batched one day follow-on training on enterprise development (MSE) through FaaB approach and 10 batches of Capacity building and Strengthening of MSEs learning sharing cross visits for group beneficiaries.
Market Linkages Developed and Strengthened
• Organized and conducted total 64 batches workshop/meetings for different stockholders between beneficiaries and Inputs Suppliers, local level GoB agencies, company, whole seller and dealer for providing inputs in commissioning rate:
• Workshop for Inputs Suppliers (Agriculture, Aqua, Poultry & Livestock’s) Objective of the workshop will make quality inputs & services available to the producers that can help improve yield & increase profitability and to develop horizontal & vertical linkage between the Agriculture, Aqua, and poultry & livestock farmers & market actors for create cooperation & integration.
• Workshops between beneficiaries and local level GoB agencies to improve collaboration.
• Meetings with beneficiaries on post harvest value-added activities, 01 (One) batches workshops for beneficiaries with SRDI (Soil Resources Development Institute) on awareness development of Soil testing.
• Workshops for mobile input suppliers with company, whole seller and dealer for providing inputs in commissioning rate.
• Basic training & refreshers training for input suppliers (Argil, Poultry & livestock and aquaculture) on quality input critical production technology for providing quality inputs and technical advice.
learning’s
• Agricultural production are increased and Farmers are motivated to produce in large scale
• They are so much confident about their production rather than before
• Farmers are skilled to recognize quality seeds.
• They are also able to identify major or minor problems during production and harvesting time and able to take necessary action to overcome those
• Farmers are able to disseminate their technologies among others.
• Collection point concept improved the engagement the local women in the market system
• Farmers are self sufficient to gather and sell their production through Collection Point or Aggregation Point
• They are able to build up their relation with local input suppliers
• Farmers have gathered knowledge about crop rotation
• Household income increased
• Women empowered
• Reduce Protein deficiency by egg and meat consumption
• Master Trainer are linked with Livestock Health workers to vaccination and primary treatment
• Private sector engagement complete to LHW
• Aggregation Point, Collection Point, Bulking are practiced in this area to sale there production
• New Technology adaptation and Farmers are able to produce in large scale
• They are able to identify quality fingerlings
• They have sufficient knowledge and skill about production and harvesting
• They have sufficient skill to identify any problems with rescue during production
• Beneficiaries are able to create new design according to buyers’ demand
• They have sufficient knowledge to make any business plan
• They can keep any business records
• They are able to introduce with new business sectors

Challenges:
• Water crisis for agriculture and aquaculture production;
• Micro grants follow-up;
• FFS of CP (commercial production) are low quality;
• Large quantity of procurement (Study Plot Input Materials and others);
• Communication hazard;
• Natural disaster;
• Very few source of safe drinking water;
NOBO-JIBON:
Multi-Year Assistance Program(2010-2014)
Introduction:
Nobo Jibon is an integrated food security program with a wide range of interventions implemented by numerous technical and implementing partners. Save the Children is committed to leading programs in the Barisal Division that enable children to grow up healthy, well nourished, educated, and protected from harm. As part of that effort, Nobo Jibon was designed to reduce food insecurity and vulnerability for up to one million beneficiaries in Barisal over five years. The program is also responsible for disaster preparedness and emergency response throughout the Barisal Division.

CODEC is one of the pioneer Implementing Partner (IP) of Save the Children which is as assigned to implement program in Barisal Sadar, Amtoli and Taltoli under Barisal and Barguna district.

Goal and objectives:-
Goal:
The goal of this program is reduce food insecurity and vulnerability of 9 upazilas of Barisal Division.
The proposed program has three strategic objectives. They are –
(1) To improve the utilization of food through interventions directed at improving maternal child health and nutrition.
(2) To improve access to food for families dependent on sharecropping, daily wage labor or capture fishing through interventions addressing access to capital, expanded income generation and access to market.
(3) To reduce vulnerability to natural disasters through interventions directed at improving emergency preparedness and disaster risk reduction.

Activities :
• HPP Beneficiaries Trained on Vegetables Production
• Qualitative Seed Distribution among HPP Beneficiaries Through Voucher
• HPP Beneficiaries Trained on Aquaculture and Dike Cropping
• Qualitative Fingerling Distribution among HPP Beneficiaries Through Trained Nurserer
• Organize ‘pre-season planning meeting’ (PSPM) for selected HPP groups incorporating basic contents of business planning training e.g. cost-profit analysis
• PP beneficiaries trained on Improved Production e. Technology on Vegetables & Pre-season business planning
• PP beneficiaries trained on Integrated aquaculture & g. dike cropping & Pre-season business planning ( 1 day , 25 hh/batch)
• Beneficiaries training on Business planning , mismanagement and marketing for PP hh conducted
• Post-Harvest Handling training sessions for PP beneficiaries organized
• Facilitate technical group sessions for weak groups involving DAE and private sector service providers and Lead Farmers (Pit or bed preparation, fertilizer/ Insecticide/fungicide/ compost /mulching/Irrigation/pollination/sex pheromone.
• Number of lead farmers developed
• Collection Point Established
• Promotional campaign for making collection points (CP) functional completed
• Producer-buyer market linkage meetings through CPs organized
• Facilitate linkages with suppliers/buyers
• Vaccination camps for poultry birds & livestock organized
• Participated in Upazilla agriculture fairs (Total 9 @ 1 per yr/uz)
• Participated in Upazilla fisheries week in collaboration with DoF (Total 9 @ 1 per yr/uz)
• Linkage building workshops WITH DAE, DoF and DLS involving trained market actors.
• VSLA groups formed
• VSLA facilitated for shareout and planning
• Extreme Poor HHs received productive asset

Working Area:

District: Barisal and Barguna.
Upazilla: Barisal Sadar Union: Charbaria, Chandramohan, Shaestabad, Cgarmonai, Tungibaria, Charkawa.
Upazilla: Amtoli Union: Amtoli, Chowra, Halodia, Ghushiakhali, Arpangashia, Atarogachia, Kukua.
Upazilla: Taltoli Union: Nishanbaria, Taltoli, Chotobaogi.

Number of Total Staffs: Male: 41 Female: 63 Total: 104

Approved Budget: Tk. 20,46,48,446/-

Name of Donor: SAVE THE CHILDREN

Project Period: October 2010 to December 2014

Achievements:
Interventions of SO2 (Livelihood):
The SO2/livelihood team focused on enhancing agriculture and aquaculture productivity and profitability to improve household food access and income.
The team also focused on providing livelihood benefits to indirect NJ beneficiaries. Increased access to quality inputs and services, increased market activity, improved market infrastructure and improved technologies are some of the benefits provided to all poor and extremely-poor non-NJ households in the intervention area. Additionally, wherever possible, trainings and other activities have been opened up to broader community members based on demand. For example, Lead Farmers & Market Promoters are conducting need-based technical sessions where non-beneficiaries are invited to participate.
The SO2 team had taken action to address the MTR recommendations that helped consolidate the gains achieved during first half of the program, overcome implementation weaknesses, improving the quality of performances and strengthen coordination between SO2/Livelihood activities and SOs 1 and 2.
The homestead production :includes the following main interventions for women to produce fish and vegetables on the small plots of land available around their households: (a) technical training on techniques that allow women to produce high-yield vegetables, small-scale livestock, and pond fish; (b) provision of inputs through a voucher system to catalyze production activities and vendor linkages; (c) training for input and service providers relevant to the livelihood options promoted by Nobo Jibon, like livestock service providers (LSP), seed producers and retailers, and fish nurseries; and (d) support to homestead production beneficiaries to locate and access market locations for their products.
The value chain production strategy supports mainly men from households with adequate assets and market access to increase their participation in selected fish and vegetable value chains through the following interventions: (a) establishment of production groups through which beneficiaries receive technical and marketing training, participate in crop demonstrations, share best practices with other group members, and sometimes jointly sell produce; needs assessment and planning for training, seed and other input selection, and service selection for the upcoming production season; (b) producer training as per identified needs, including improved agriculture techniques, business planning, marketing, and management; (c) training for relevant input and service providers, similar to what is done under the homestead production strategy; (d) pre-season business planning meetings prior to each growing season involving producers, input and output market actors, post-harvest handling and organization of collection points. The pre-season planning meeting is an effective tool for bringing all value chain actors together to understand demand and supply dynamics, access to inputs, and service provision in the locality.
The asset transfer for extreme poor households (those whose were no pond or land resources and with limited experience in agriculture or fish production) includes the following main interventions: (a) identification of an appropriate IGA for target households; (b) organization of production groups according to IGA for peer support and training; and (c) asset transfer through a voucher system. Nobo Jibon has also supported these extreme poor households to access khas land and water bodies for growing crops and cultivating fish where possible.
Market strengthening and sustainability strategy: Codec NJ program had developed and continued to provide support to 5 Collection Points with the aim to reduce market access challenges faced by small farmers in respected rural areas such as transport, reliable price information and time sensitive product marketing in Amtoli and Barisal Sadar Upazila. Demands have been increasing by communities and farmers to establish more collection points as they see the value in the ones already established throughout NJ. a) The CPs activity improved the access of small producers to different markets; b) reduced transaction costs of both traders & producers; c) expanded businesses; d) saved producers’ time for other productive works; e) eliminated tolls that they had pay at formal markets; f) improved producers’ negotiation skills and organized production as per market demand.
As a component of its exit strategy, CODEC Nobo Jibon program also focused on building the capacity of 212 Leader Farmers (LFs) to act as role models and support the introduction of innovative new practices in agriculture at the community-level In. Special emphasis was placed strengthening linkages between LFs and key public and private sector services so that they are recognized as community-based resource persons and sought out as service providers by their community. After the MTR, further efforts were made to increase their knowledge base, so that they can independently organize various technical sessions and continue provision of services introduced by NJ to the community. The program is also focused on private sector service providers as part of its exit strategy, so that they can provide access to inputs and technical support for vegetable, fish, livestock and non-farm sub-sectors beyond NJ period. Their connectivity was further strengthened with beneficiaries, VDCs, private companies and government line agencies. In addition to engaging the LF in regular program activities where they were sharing and disseminating agriculture related information to farmers, NJ has started to connect the LF with the extension services provided by Department of Agriculture Extension (DAE) and Department of Fisheries (DoF) of the GOB. It was expected to further contribute to expanding and sustaining the knowledge base of the lead farmers post NJ.
Pre-season Business Planning Meeting were involved input and output market actors; training on Business Planning Management Marketing System; training of input suppliers and service provider on providing quality inputs and technical advice influenced beneficiaries (mainly productive poor category) tremendously in adopting improved marketing practices. According to annual survey findings 69.6% beneficiaries are adopting improved marketing practices against the set target of 30%. These interventions were also helped them in obtaining higher incomes. The following table shows the LOA target versus Achievement of SO2. Planned Farming with improved knowledge
learning’s
• Agricultural production are increased and Farmers are motivated to produce in large scale
• They are so much confident about their production rather than before
• Farmers are able to recognize quality full seeds.
• They are also able to identify major or minor problems during production and harvesting time and able to take necessary action to overcome those
• Farmers are able to disseminate their technologies among others
• Farmers are self sufficient to gather and sell their production through Collection Point or Aggregation Point
• Lead farmers concept was acceptable to all
• They are able to build up their relation with local input suppliers
• Farmers have gathered knowledge about crop rotation
• Master Trainer are linked with Livestock Health workers to vaccination and primary treatment
• Aggregation Point, Collection Point, Bulking are practiced in this area to sale there production.
• New Technology adaptation and Farmers are able to produce in large scale.
• They are able to identify quality full fingerlings.
• They have sufficient knowledge and skill about production and harvesting.
• Beneficiaries are able to create new design according to buyers’ demand.
• They are able to introduce with new business sectors.
• Beneficiaries are able to gather and sell their hand made products through aggregation or collection point.
• Through the asset transfer program Hardcore poor becomes very benefited.
• Production poor farmers able to assess the need of inputs through business planning.
• Collection point concept improved the engagement the local women in the market system.
.Challenges:
• Water crisis for agriculture and aquaculture production;
• Micro grants follow-up;
• FFS of CP (commercial production) are low quality;
• Large quantity of procurement (Study Plot Input Materials and others);
• Communication hazard;
• Natural disaster;
• Very few source of safe drinking water;

Aquaculture for Income and Nutrition (AIN) Project
((2012-2015)

Introduction:
CODEC was selected as a partner of WorldFish Centre grant entitle “Feed the Future” program in which project title “Aquaculture for Income and Nutrition” (AIN) funded by USAID reference EEM-G-00-04-00013-00. CODEC is working as a partner of World Fish with 23,400 aquaculture house hold farmers to achieve the objectives of the project. USAID-Aquaculture for Income and Nutrition project is a 5-year transformative USAID investment in aquaculture dousing on 20 southern districts in Barisal, Khulna and Dhaka divisions of Bangladesh. It aims is to improve household income and nutritional status and to create rural employment opportunities for the poorest and most disaster prone of the country. This project has four component;

Component-1: Development and dissemination of improved fish and shrimp seed;
Component-2: Household aquaculture for income and nutrition;
Component-3: Commercial aquaculture;
Component-4: Policy reform and institutional capacity.
CODEC worked with only Component-2: Household aquaculture for income and nutrition with the World Fish Centre. The project work with household (HHs) farmer who has household pond and average size of pond are 10 decimal and land area less than 250 decimal. In the year 2012 CODEC initiate working mainly in Barisal, Khulna, Bagerhat and Jhalakathi districts.

US ambassador Mr. Dan W. Mozena talking to a farmer at Barisal
Project Goal:
Improve income and nutrition status of targeted beneficiaries through pond fish culture and dike cropping in the proposed area.

Objectives:
Increase production of both pond fish culture and dike cropping, which will lead to increase income from selling fish and vegetables as well as enhancing nutrition intake by increasing fish and vegetable consumption.
Working Areas:
Barisal Sadar, Agailjara, Gournodi, Babugong, Uzirpur&BnariparaUpazilaunder Barisal, Sharankhola, Morelgonj, MonglaUpazila under Bagerhat, Dacup under Khulna, Ziangar, PirojpurSadarNazirpur under Pirojpur, BargunaSadar, Amtoli&Taltoli under Barguna and JalokhatiSadar, Nalcity, Rajapur&Kathalia under Jalokhati districts.

Number of Total Staff: Male: 67 Female: 25 Total: 92
Approved Budget: TK. – 15, 26, 33,456/=
Project Period: 1st January, 2012 to September-2015
Activities:
a) FFD (Farmers field day): Through this field day, a huge number of people were informed the success of using different technologies.
b) Production achieved more than project target in demo of commercial and HH fish culture
c) The rate and quality of fingerling in fish nursery has increased and farmers have been habituated to stock larger size of fingerling than earlier period.
d) Nutrition improvement of household
e) Linkage building and value chain activities
f) 360 new farmers were selected and 9 informal groups were formed in comprise of 20 members and a group leader was selected. This groups were formed to intervene the nutrition aspect.
g) Farmers Training: Project has been delivering intensive training support to the group members.
h) Project nonmembers are using the technology and their ponds fish production is increasing for dissemination of training knowledge.
i) Homestead and pond dike vegetable cropping in summer and winter season has been increased.
j) Commercial fish production has increased and local people are stocking big size and quality fry which will have effect on overall fish production.
k) Created Community Facilitator (CF): Project has been initiated to create community facilitator from old farmers group who are recognizer as advance farmer of the group and will work as a local facilitator of their respective group. A total of 324 CF have been selected.

Name of Donor: World Fish Centre-Bangladesh and Funded by USAID.
Major achievements through Project Interventions in respective Areas and Communities:
a. New farmer’s selection: Project has been selected 23400 household farmer in the project area and form 990 informal group in comprise of 20-25 member of each group and selected a group leader and meeting place. This group formed to intervene of house hold pond fish production and nutrition aspect and special training will be provided and SIS mola and orange flesh sweet potato has been introduce in the household level. A detail household data has prepared.
b. Farmers data base preparation: To select the project participants (Member) prepared base information from house hold including, name, address, family size, pond area, dike information, feed use, fish production, sources of fingerling, land and resource etc.
c. Farmers Training: Farmers group training is the main vehicle of the project activities to adopt aquaculture and dike cropping technology among the farmer groups participants. Project has been delivering intensive training support to the group member with 8 part training for the new farmer and 4 part refreshers training for old HHs with module based discussion i.e. pond preparation, pre-stocking and post stocking management, harvesting, marketing, pond dike vegetable management and nutrition and gender issues. Initiated intensive training with practical manner in group level by using flipchart, poster paper, hock board, different materials of fish culture like fertilizer, various kind of weeds, seeds, lime, feed, pesticide, net, hapa, sucking net, secedisk, glass, PH meter, fishes photo and other related practical materials. After complete field training the extension facilitator are follow-up the house hold for implementing the training and adopted the fish technology.
• HHs Farmers are using liming and fertilizer to increase fish production.
• Regular feeding is needed to increase the fish production and after received the training farmers are giving more feed to their pond.
• Maintaining stocking density and different stratum of fish and big size fingerling stocked in their ponds.
• Project non members ponds fish production is increasing for dissemination of training
knowledge farmer to other farmer.
• Homestead and pond dike vegetable cropping in summer and winter season has been increased i.e. cucumber, bottle guard, bitter guard, water pumpkin, sweet pumpkin, thatched guard, Indian spinach, red amaranth etc..
• Local people extended the technology to see the demo and nursery ponds production and some non member are using the technology.
• Commercial fish production has increased and local people are stocked big size and quality fry which lead to increase the overall fish production.
• Up to October 2015 accomplished all group training for new and old groups. It was practical training in participation of group farmer and uses different materials (Hock board, fish photo, lime, fertilizer, nutrition pictorial and dummy pond prepared etc.). About 85% farmers were present in the training.
d. Linkage building and value chain activities: Project initiate linkage building between Hatchery owners and fish/shrimp nurseries, feed/fertilizers suppliers & grow out farmers, fry hawkers, nurseries and grow out farmers and table fish traders at local level. Different stakeholder list has prepared and field supervisor and extension facilitator has been follow-up them for value chain. Project provided capacity building training for creates effective Local Service Provider (LSP) of fish fry hawker (Patilwala), nurserer, feed dealers and paiker.
e. Nutrition improvement of household: All house hold farmers has been received nutritiontraining from our group learning session and in the session discussion content was i.e. nutrition,nutrition value, food ingredient, local source, cooking pattern, important, milk feeding pattern of infant, fish and vegetable nutrition for lactating and pageant women, children etc.

• Nutrient valued fish (Mola) and vegetable has increased in the daily meal of the project
HHs. and cooking and cutting pattern changed in perspective of nutritional value. A
total of 11040 household has Mola in their pond and averagely 3 kg mola harvested per
household.
• Orange Sweet Potato (OSP) cultivation has extended farmer to farmer more than 300
household and OSP consumption and sell increased.
• Lactating and pregnant women and under 2 years children are increased their daily mill
with nutrient value food and training discussion has been introducing.
f. Farmers training by Community Facilitator (CF): Project has been initiated to create community facilitator from old farmers group who are recognizer as advance farmer of the group and become as a local facilitator of their respective group. A total of 317 CF has been conducted 720 group training of year 2012 and 2013 farmer.
g. Capacity building of Local Service Provider (LSP): To sustain the project activities project initiated to build capacity of local service provider at indigenous grassroots level of Patilwala(Fish fri hawker), feed dealer and seller, semi-auto feed miller, community facilitator, nurserer and commercial fish farmer from the upazila. Twenty LSP from each upazila has received the capacity building and Tot on LSP. LSP will be the driving force of the project year 2016.
h. Other Insights:
Project participants (beneficiary) total 23400 house hold farmer who are the direct member of theproject and received season long technical /practical training from the project. They are the trained farmer on pond fish aquaculture and dike copping management, nutrition and vegetable. Households farmer are need to intensive input support i.e. quality fingerling, fish and vegetable seed support the mentioned the last review training. District and Upazila government fisheries department and local elected bodies and elites are comments on the project activities that the follow-up training and support are needed for better fish production in the project areas.
Specific recommendations for future implementation of project are follows-
• 23400 house hold farmers database can help the future livelihood project.
• 990 informal group has a strong strength in the local field.
• In the project area 70 trained nurserer produced the quality fingerling for the project farmers.
• 200 Fish Fri Hawker (Patilwala) has increase capacity of their business.
• 317 Community Facilitator (CF) are well skilled who will support the local farmer.
• Upazila wise 20 Local Service Provider (LSP) team given support to the local farmer.
Learning’s:
• Need to maintain proper water (3-5 feet) depth in nursery pond for better production and keep low mortality rate.
• Proper soil preparation and take care are needed for better production of orange sweet potato(OSP).
• Price of Mola is very high in consideration of other carp fish which produced in household pond.
• Farmers are interested to establish carp nursery.
• Promotion of special species such catfish (Shing) in HHs pond which is very effective for the pond production and very high price and demand in market. Farmers have opportunity to earn more income from this type of fish culture.
• Farmer to farmer OSP vine distribution/extension have very good result in local level.
• PAR activities in some area is very much popular among the farmer. A total of farmer seedling tomato (6 plot) and Knolkhole (6 plot) at selected plot and harvest completed. Farmers are inform us the Knolkhole Challenger variety and Tomato Nabin variety production is very good and testy for eat.
Challenges:
Description of the risks and challenges encountered and how these affected project implementation and what measures were implemented to address these issues. Internal (Project Management) & External Challenges (Environmental) and Riskfaced:
• Hazard to transport fingerling, fry and hatchling to Morelgonj-Sharankholaupazila for worse condition of road communication.
• Water level has suddenly dropped in some HHs pond which is not suitable for fish culture.
• Delayed of the natural rain and over rain is affect the fish production.
• In the full moon and off moon tidal water are increase and floated the pond by water and hampered the fish and vegetable production.
• Some nursery farmers are stocking hatchling or fry (Dhani) in their pond very high density.
• The salinity of water is increasing in the putikhali areas due to Mongla-Gusiakhali river channel which is big challenge for white fish nursery.
• Some farmers are not well aware the time of OSP harvest and they are keeping the vine without harvest of potato.
• OSP Attacked by different Insect inside and hunter mud rat.
• Pond water level is decreasing for scarcity of seasonal rain which hampered the fish culture.
• Most of the HHs farmers do not keep production record of fish and vegetable.
• Hatchling/dhani mortality is high in some nursery pond for increase of salinity in water.
• Salinity in soil increase and for this reason dike cropping production in now decreased.
• It is very hard to collect data from family member, when guardian absent at home.
• Unrest country situation i.e. hartal and blockade called by political parties. Some time we did not move to field.
Agriculture and Nutrition Extension Project: ANEP
(2012-2014)
Introduction:
The Agriculture and Nutrition Extension Project (ANEP) is a partnership between International Development Enterprises (iDE), World Fish, CIMMYT, IRRI, Save the Children International, CODEC, CEAPRED and BES and is funded by the European Union (EU). The project seeks to sustainably raise agricultural productivity and promote effective market linkages to improve the nutrition of poor rural and urban households in the south of Bangladesh and the Nepal plains.

Project Goal:
To improve food security and nutrition of the poorest and most vulnerable households (HHs) in both rural and urban areas

Objectives:
• To improve the food security and nutrition of smallholders by facilitating the adoption of productive and environmentally sustainable agricultural technologies which improve beneficiaries’ livelihoods
• To create and develop market linkages to improve food and nutritional security of both rural producers and urban consumers in four districts in Nepal and one district in Bangladesh

Major Activities of the Project:
• Vegetable Group production and business plan formulation
• Off season vegetables demo and training
• Nutritious vegetable kitchen garden promotion demo and training
• Compost and soil management training demo and training
• Micro-Irrigation Technology demo and training
• PMCA Phase I sessions – orientation, assessment, dissemination
• PMCA II – Thematic Group formation, business plan, outreach
• PCMA Phase 4 -Bilateral Interaction between farmers, consumers & local service providers
• PCMA Phase 4 Technology and service provider marketing interventions in larger area
• PMCA Phase IV Urban –rural market linkage events for urban poor
• Select and train Vegetable seed/seedling service providers; IPM and other input supply service providers; Micro-Irrigation Technology service providers
• Integrated Aquaculture Agriculture (IAA) based carp poly culture in pond

Areas of Project Intervention:
District: Barisal: Barisal Sadar: Syestabad, Charbaria, Charkawa, Charmonai
Mehendigonj: Akuria, Ulania, Chandpur, MehendigongSadar
Hizla: Guabaria, Barojalia, Harinathpur, HizlaGurobdi

Project Period: January 01, 2012 to December 31, 2014
Number of Total Staffs: 20 (Male: 17 and Female: 3)
Approved Budget: Tk. 58,62,601 WFC
Tk. 2,28,84,945 IDE
Tk. 2, 87, 47, 546 Total

Name of Donor: iDE & WFC ( Fund source: EU)
Project Period: January 2012- December 2014
The Challenge: 1
Smallholder farmers in Nepal and Bangladesh often do not benefit from established input supply and output marketing systems supported by the public and private sector. This results in low farm productivity and an inability for farmers to lift themselves and their families out of poverty. Additionally, food insecurity and lack of a nutritious diet has a disproportionate impact on women and children, denying children the food and nutrition they needed to reach their physical and cognitive potential.
Collection point established

The intervention:
The Agriculture and Nutrition and Extension Project (ANEP) was developed after recognizing that to overcome this challenge, smallholders in Nepal and Bangladesh need access to improved agricultural technologies, markets and to engage in better nutrition behaviors. ANEP’s goal was to sustainably raise agricultural productivity and promote effective market linkages to improve the nutrition of poor rural and urban households in the south of Bangladesh and the Nepal plains, especially women and children. The specific objectives of the project were:
Specific activities included:
• To improve the food security and nutrition of smallholders by introducing and facilitating the adoption of productive and environmentally sustainable agriculture technologies which improve beneficiaries livelihood.
• To create market linkages to improve food and nutritional security of both rural producers and urban consumers.
The Challenge: 2
In Bangladesh low-income families often suffer from poor access to healthy food and a low ability to make good nutrition choices. This is resulted in poor nutrition across Bangladesh which is inhibiting the physical and cognitive growth of the next generation. According to the FAO, more than 40 million Bangladeshis are undemourished due to poor access to adequate amounts of safe, nutritious food to sustain a healthy and productive life. There is chronic under-nutrition of children below five year of age, with at least 16 percent of them being acutely undemourished, affecting an estimated 41 percent of them. About one third of adolescent girls in Bangladesh suffer from anemia and micronutrient deficiency and one in four is too thin for their height. With more than two in three girls married before the age of 18, the risk of early pregnancy and giving birth to a baby that weighs too little is very high. Currently, more than one in five newborns has a low birth weight.
The Intervention:
ANEP had the goal of increasing the supply of nutritious foods through commercial rural-urban linkages between producers and consumers and supporting families to make healthy food choices through nutrition education and counseling sessions. The projects carries out activities to improve access tonutritiousfood for both rural and urban low-income households through;
Specific activities included:
• Mobilizing and forming nutrition education groups for vulnerable families.
• Supporting low-income families to make better-informed nutrition choices through nutrition training and counseling sessions with the aim to build up the capacities of these household members to care for themselves and pass on the knowledge to others.
• Developing and improving market linkages between rural and urban areas to improve the access of nutritious foods for the urban low-income households.
Challenge: 3
Often in traditional development projects, the benefits of the projects are realized in the communities for as long as the development partners are engaged to organize initiatives and incentivize community engagement and individual participation. Yet when the project and funding concludes and the development partners withdraw, the project beneficiaries can revert to their previous behaviour and any advances achieved during the project can be lost. Therefore focusing on sustainability is is crucial to generating lasting impacts. In rural agricultural communities this sustainability is often dependent upon the strength of local grassroots institutions that continue to provide services beyond the duration of the action.
Specific activities included:
• Identifying and selecting existing and new local service providers and training them in new technology-service provision businesses.
• Developing, Strengthening and linking community, public and private institutions to extend new technologies and develop market chains using PMCA at the grassroots level.
• Developing exchange and systems for exchange of Bangladesh and Nepal technologies and links between the national research systems, private companies and grassroots institutions.
Key Activities:
• Form and facilitate access to training for farmer group on new agriculture technologies.
• Conduct agriculture demonstrations with and through the private sector.
• Develop and train private local service providers in new technologies.
• Develop and improve rural and urban market linkages, including agriculture-nutrition linkages.
• Develop exchange and systems for exchange of Bangladesh and Nepal technologies and Organizations.
• Conduct nutrition education, monitoring and counseling for poor rural and urban household to increase their consumption of nutritious foods.
Key Achievements:
• Increasing food secure months by more than the target baseline plus one month and decreased the prevalence of underweight children by an average of 14.44% against the baseline.
• Established significant sustainable technology transfer and market linkage infrastructure.
• Create market linkages that improved sales and consumption of nutritious foods within the target areas.
• Linkage established with private sector.
• Knowledge of nutrition increased among the rural and urban poor households.
Lessons Learned

Consortiums can bring significant value and advantage to a program
The ANEP harnessed the partners’ core competencies by focusing on achieving a shared set of results and measuring progress together. Partners synergized in developing new solutions, rather than deploying existing modalities independently. Regular meaningful interactions by the partner institutions ensured that all aspects of the project built upon the partners’ collective expertise and field implementation was fully coordinated.
There are key success factors to consider when building a consortium
• The ANEP consortium was built around the following successful considerations:
• Build the team into a single implementation vehicle with shared project spaces.
• Develop systems to harmonize activities, ensuring strong management at the field and institutional project management levels.
• Develop bespoke guidance and policies to ensure clarity between partners.
• Inform results with a single Monitoring and Results Measurement system.
• Create a strong visual brand for the project that represents all partners
Build project staff capacity to focus on the market beyond the beneficiaries and take a creative approach
• ANEP front-line staffs were encouraged to think critically about the local market and create a ‘vision of change’ for what they wanted to achieve. They were supported to conduct assessments of the local market context for key commodities using iDE’s Bigger Picture Training methodology. This contributed to the project’s success in increasing the competitiveness of the whole market system rather than just the direct beneficiaries.
Ensure the project is led from the field by providing the team with the tools and responsibilities to drive it
• ANEP field operations were managed from Barisal through a field management team seconded from the partner organizations, with strategic support from an overall project management committee in Dhaka. This structure enabled tactical decisions regarding field activities to be made locally. As an example, ANEP was able to facilitate access to relevant local service providers in response to demand side information elicited from small-holder production plans.

Using targeted nutrition education in combination with agricultural inputs and rural-urban market linkages creates synergies which can improve nutrition behaviors among the most vulnerable.
These synergetic activities include
• Interactive nutrition education sessions, which provide information and hands-on training on essential nutrition and hygiene actions, supporting improved intra-household feeding practices to pregnant women, mothers, and infants.
• Giving smallholder farmers access to improved agricultural inputs, technologies, and good agricultural practices, which enables them to cultivate nutritious foods, increasing availability in areas of low production and in the off-season.
• Market based interventions in the trading system to develop the supply of nutritious produce to urban areas increases vulnerable low-income families’ ability to access, purchase and consume nutritious foods.

Improving the viability of the business models of market actors is the key to sustaining results once the development partner has withdrawn
• ANEP staff understood that sustainability of the project results was tied to incentivizing key market actors to continue engaging in the desired activities. The staff intervened to support and improve the business models of FBAs, FBGs, and management structures for infrastructure such as collection points and urban market committees in order to maintain the services established through the project.
Exposure visits are effective for changing smallholders’ behaviors
• ANEP organized exposure visits within Bangladesh and to Nepal to build the capacity of key market actors. The visits were targeted to provide exposure to the best practices most relevant to the adoption of particular technologies or practices. They were found to be highly effective, especially with maize producer and aquaculture hatchery visits to the more productive northern and western regions of Bangladesh.
Challenges:
• Ensure participation of PSAs in all session
• Staffs yet not trained for group mobilization
• At Barisal urban areas, number of HHs under 1 FF is high compared to other upazillas
• Land become under water due to tidal flooding and heavy rain which hamper vegetable cultivation
• Beneficiaries expect input support without cost
• Existing market system in the ANEP whole working areas is inconvenient for PMCA approach

Livelihood Improvement Facilities for Ethnics: LIFE
(2013-2015)
Introduction:
The hilly resource-poor area of Mirsarai and Fatikchori Upazilla under Chittagong district is adjacent to but not included in Chittagong Hill Tracts. This area is mainly a forest reserve occupied largely by ethnic minorities, mainly of the Tripura group, but also some communities of Marma and low caste Hindus, working in tea and rubber estates. To improve the livelihoods of these communities the Regional Fisheries and Livestock Development Project, Noakhali Component of DANIDA’s Agricultural Sector Program Support, Phase II, which was ended in June, 2013 developed a special program in this area in association with the local NGO, OPCA (Organization for the Poor Community Advancement) named Livelihoods Improvements Facilities for Ethnics (LIFE). Following the general plan of activities of RFLDC, this program began with a focused Season-long Learning for the various ethnic groups through Farmers Field School (FFS) curriculums, Field Laboratory, Supply and Input Centre (SIC) and finally formed 9 CBOs and one CBO association. The LIFE program had more vulnerable groups and newly formed CBO/A , so it was required more development work to improve the livelihoods of the communities at the end of RFLDC. Fortunately, scope for continuation of the program has now been recognized through the possible use of residual NGO credit funds from the Agricultural Sector Program Support, Phase I. These funds should have been transferred to DANIDA’s long-time NGO partner, CODEC, in 2009, but were overlooked through accounting procedures. There appears to be scope to enlist CODEC in the further phase of activity in the Chittagong Hills through the use of these funds with co implementing partner’s iDE and BITA.
Goal:
Develop greater sustainable livelihoods through creation of alternative livelihood options for Ethnic communities in Mirsarai and Fatikchori Upazillas.
Objectives of the project:
• Enhance decision making capacity of the hill community through participatory approach.
• Increase household’s income of the ethnic community through promotion of
homestead activities into small scale integrated farming.
• Increase the provision of need based services hill community through promotion of
farmer organization.
Project Duration
The duration of the project was July 2013 to June 2015.
Working Area:
District Upazilla
Chittagong Mirsarai & Fatikchori
LIFE-II beneficiaries
About 6000 indigenous men, women and children those are deprived of their entitlement were the target group of this project. They are too much vulnerable for geographical location and environment hazard. The natural calamity is the everyday companion of the area. Very limited livelihood options are there. The economy is predominantly agrarian with most people engaged in lemon, vegetable, seasonal fruit, spices like zinger and turmeric and some handicraft production and often falling outside the money economy. Most of the poor households are also landless. Depending on the homestead, their livelihood is much unsecured due to unavailable of inputs and services.
Beside above, Local Government (Union Parishad), Upazilla Parishad, District Administration, CBOS, NGOs, Human Rights Organizations, Press and Electronic media, Lawyer Association, Local Elites, Departmental of Environment, Forest Reserves, NGO networks, Private sectors, Law enforcement agencies etc. will be major secondary target groups.
Implementation strategies of LIFE 11 Interventions
Livelihoods Improvement Facilities for Ethnics (LIFE II) was a joint collaborative project of CODEC, iDE and BITA. Implementation strategies of LIFE 11 intervention were as follows:
CODEC:
• Capacity development of CBO’s:
• Establish Field Laboratory:
• Farmers Field School: Soil Test by SRDI:

iDE
o Business Capacity & Potentiality Assessment of CBO/A’s:
o Business Capacity Development of CBO/A’s and PMG members:
o Private sector engagement:
o Access to finance: Financial Institutions engagement process

BITA:
o Empowerment –
o Participation –
o Inclusion-
o Self-determination–
o Partnership –

ACHIEVEMENTS:
Output-1&2
New field Laboratory Established
• CBO members know & practicing method for cultivating new variety and properly
utilized on fellow land by cultivation new crops.
• Increased food habits and diets among project area.
• Mentality improved along with outlook of life.
• To know the proper use in local farmer about fertilizer & pesticide application.
• The farmers can also know method of orchard management.
• Purchasing capacity have increased especially of food items and cloths
• Assets purchased (pump machine, ornaments, cows, bullocks, making house (tin roof)
land etc.)
• Sending school going children to nearby places/district for better schooling.
• Moral courage improved, capacitated to dialogue with forest officials, UP representatives
andUpazilla officials etc.

Cross visit within program area
• Increased knowledge on crop production.
• Learn about new variety for respective area.
• Shared production strategy from respective farmers.
• Shared the production method.
• Increased income source.

Arrange result based farmer field day
• New variety in production.
• Create crop diversification.
• Increased utilization of fellow land.
• Learn new production technology.
• Developed socio-economic situation.
• Start practice new crops and earn more yields.

Conduct Farmers Field School-FFS
• Increased food and nutritional intake.
• Increased productivity.
• Cropping intensity increased with cropping diversity.
• They have got access to different service providers, increased mobility and network

Awareness campaign for soil testing among farmers
By Fertilizer Recommendation Card-FRC farmers can known& applied for production.

Register all CBOs and HiFA from govt. registration authority
• All the organization obtained a legal authority from govt. cooperative department to
executing their activity to the community.
Financial Support for HiFA for agro based IGA
• As a guardian organization HiFA take part on various business activities for the interest
of CBOs and the organizational capacity development.
o CBO association (HiFA) involved different IGA activities. CODEC-LIFE project donated to HiFA total 270000 BDT (Two lacs seventy thousand taka) in 6 different IGA like agro medicine, Pig rearing, sewing, bamboo mate making etc.

Training on planning process of CBOs and HIFA
• By this training CBO leaders learn how to prepare a plan for the individual producer
and short & long term plan for an organization.
Training on Leadership Development of CBO leaders
• CBO Leaders now understand their responsibility which is very essential to run CBO smoothly.
• Any proposal of CBO placing at monthly meeting and taking decisions by member’s opinion and writing meeting regulation properly.
• Developed problem solving ability and controlling/motivating skill & capacity.

Cross visit for CBOs leader capacity development in project outside
• Participant observed organizational capacity and leadership quality of the visiting CBOs
and applied learning of the visit in their CBO.
• Learned producer and marketing groups and their business strategies.
• Learn about Integrated Farm Management.
• Learnt the strengthen links between Farmers, CBO’s and
Middleman/brokers.
• Learnt the capacity building issues of the CBO’s on Agricultural Sector as well as their
local income generating sectors.
• Learnt the linkage with the stakeholders that how they have been improved to enable
farmers to access quality inputs and markets.
Training on Financial Management
• CBO accounts maintaining properly. CBO prepare receive payment and
accounts.
• Properly and regularly maintaining different register like cash book, ledger book, asset
register, stock register etc.
• After training all financial transaction is clear, update & transparent.
• The CBOs capacity enhanced towards sustainability.

CBOs, producers and market level outcome
• Through the assessment found some potential business opportunities for CBO/As that were Ginger, Arum, Sweet potato, vegetables (Ridge gourd, Yard long bean, pointed gourd), lemon, bamboo mats, bamboo basket, flower broom production and marketing and agro input business. Now about 1000 PMG members have taken appropriate production business from the identified products through the assessment and other community people learnt about selection of market demand driven product, production technique by observing the production practices of adjacent PMG members, also channelizing their produces through aggregating those with CBO’s product selling initiatives in their area.
• 20 business planning session was completed, two for each CBO and HiFA, where each CBO/A was made decision to do business with specific product and made their own detailed business plan. The products were bamboo mat for Sonali CBO, bamboo mat, ginger, arum and tailoring for Ekota (Koila) CBO, ginger, bamboo mats, goat rearing, pig raring for Jagroto CBO, pig and vegetable for Kalapani CBO, ginger and broom flower for Shetchora, Sweet potato and floor mat for Diganta, goat and bamboo mat for Sotota CBO, bamboo basket for Neptun CBO and agro vet medicine & fuljharu for HiFA. Though 9 CBOs and one CBOA developed their business plan but currently 5
CBOs were followed the process and doing their business.
• Facilitated business linkage with local, regional and national level private sectors and engaged them with CBO/As business to strengthen business relationship between CBO/as and wider market actors. Now a day big buyers of Bamboo mat, agro input Company (Acme Ltd., Square Ltd, SKF Ltd., Opsonin Ltd., Lalteer Ltd and ACI Ltd) and 22 local traders of agro products are engaged with CBO’s business. The women producers are getting taka 1-5 more depend on the size of the bamboo mat due to engagement of distant buyers with CBO’s business. Local traders are engaged with CBO’s business to purchase higher volume of produces from the farmers/producer, attract larger buyers, get better prices and expand their business. So by getting better price the number of ginger, arum, vegetables and sweet potato producer increased about 20% at the project area. Due to engagement of vet-medicine companies with the remote CBOs through HiFA, approximately 2,000 livestock producers are getting medicine and services from community livestock worker of CBO.
• National level big buyers of Bamboo mat, agro input company and local traders of agro products are engaged with 6 CBO’s business out of 9 CBO. A private sector inventory was developed and handed over to CBOs so that CBOs and PMG member can find out potential buyers for their input and outputs in future. The major achievements were:
 Jagroto and Ekota CBO are linked with regional level big buyer for bamboo mat business.
 Engaged different level national PSAs in Vet medicine business with HiFA and CBO network (Acme Ltd., Square Ltd, Renata Ltd. SKF Ltd., Opsonin Ltd, ACI Ltd, Lalteer Ltd.)
 22 local level traders (Faria and paiker) are engaged with CBO’s vegetable (ginger, arum, sweet potato etc.
 HiFA started agro vet input business with CBOs to strengthen sales of CBOs. As a result the remote CBOs were linked with Square Ltd., Acme Ltd., Renata Ltd., Opsonin Ltd, Lalteer Limited, ACI Limited, Haychem (Bangladesh) Limited and SKF Limited.
Uttara Bank Manager giving cheque to Fatema Bibi against loan

 According to baseline data of January 2014 it was found that highest profit increase at Jagroto Krishok Somobai Somiti Limited that is 145%, and the lowest sales increase was found at Kalapani CBO that is 42%.
• The bank started work as a CBO development partner with Jagroto Krishok Somobai Somiti Korerhat union, Mirsarai. Though huge numbers of entrepreneuer hav’nt received the loan from private FIs but iDE made some excelent example regarding A2F specially for women entrepreneure. The Uttara Bank Limited disbursed loan to following person. After observing the situation the community people have got interest and showed interest to join CBO.
• The repayment is going well. Hope more entrepreneurs will get access to the formal loan from the banks.
• 600 Members of producer group are getting production investment (cash and kinds) support from 5 CBOs.
Output-4 (Ensure Human rights of the Ethnic community)
Networking:
• Relation and coordination among the CBO members, general people and Upazilla and Union Parishad increased.
• CBO members received livestock training from Upazilla Youth Development Department.
• UP chairman collected list from CBO for safety net support and 1 CBO member received VGD card.
• Hill Farmers Association-HiFA received 1 solar panel from Union Parishad.
Sharing:
• Union Parishad committed to support community against early marriage.
• CBO members get priority support in case of legal disputes.
• 4 CBO members included Union Parishad Standing committee of Datmara Union.
Capacity Building Training:
• CBO members and community people acquired Knowledge about rights and Human rights.
International Day Observance
• Through observance of different international day local community people are now raising their voices against all discrimination.
Meeting of Human Rights Committee
• Bring back the amount of donation to reconstruct the school building.
• Counseling to stop early marriage within the community.
• Prepare list of VGD and VGF of disadvantage people.
• Courtyard session regarding people’s rights
Regular Theater Show
• People are now aware about human rights.
• Aware about the negative impact of early marriage.
• Community people and civil society people became key observant of human rights violation in the community.
Learning’s
• Small group formation for IPM could be more sustainable rather than other groups.
• The poorest and most marginalized farmers groups can be benefited from involvement in FFS by learning new agricultural practice.
• The introductions of Field laboratory facilitate farmers/CBO members to boost up their IGA activities through diversification of appropriate crop production technology.
• It is clear that a multi-disciplinary approach such as Field day, cross visit, training, FFS session, field laboratory ideas and methodologies were played as a top-down manner to ensure the livelihood development of the community.
• Some of new varieties and species of crops and way of cultivation already identified which are profitable in hill context
• Representation of men & women and poor & non-poor is essential for smooth and better functioning of development interventions.
• It is very needful to do socio-economic and cultural context analysis in depth before implementing a project.
• Local values and norms (especially cultural aspects) should be considered in project implementation strategies
• PSPM process ensured the participation of buyers, input sellers, services providers and producer (CBO members) to understand the market ecosystem for all stakeholders and made a business deal.
• Visit to other successful community institutions, buyers, big markets encourage producers to engage with a business of potential product. Also effective linkages with appropriate private sector created business opportunities for CBOs business.
• Good financial management capacity of CBO business is an attractive feature to attract financial institution for providing capital support.
• The engagement of all stakeholders is valuable not only for understanding the underlying basic causes of the rights issue but can also help enlist the active engagement of government stakeholders. Furthermore, a collaborative approach that takes into account social, economic and cultural factors at the macro and micro level can ensure a more holistic approach to programming at the outset.
• Ongoing engagement and consultation with stakeholders and more particularly creating opportunities and channels for dialogue between duty bearers and rights holders can significantly increase the probability of realizing sustainable outcomes.
• To know soil nutrients status, soil texture power of hydration (PH) that helps the soil acidity & alkaline of particular area, proper utilization of crop field, about cropping pattern and cropping season of particular area and recommendation for proper crop and fertilizer dose the project tested soil from nine different area by Soil Recourse Development Institute (SRDI) Comilla and they provide nine FRC (Fertilizer recommendation Card).
Challenges:
• The distance of the CBO was so far from the LIFE office. So, it was really tough for the project staff to work smoothly. Sometimes it was difficult to visit more than one CBO/area within a day.
• It was cumbersome to make believe of the CBO members/area peoples that this project is working for their wellbeing and ensure their development.
• Language was another key factor for understanding/better communication especially in case of ethnic population.
• Geographical location was not in favorable.
• Financial transparency of CBO EC members.
• CBO leaders are not active enough to promote business under CBO umbrella.
• Unavailability of large buyer in the project location is challenge for ensure private sector engagement.
• CBO members are sometimes not accountable enough to response to the program activities.
Strengthening Household Abilities to Respond to Development Opportunities: SHOUHARDO (2006-2010)

Introduction:
CODEC since its inception October 1985 is working the coastal communities with the different socio economic program aim to reduce their food insecurity & vulnerability and finally to changes their socio economic status in society. SHOUHARDO is an integrated program both addressing food insecurity along with also underlying issues that contributing to vulnerabilities.
Goal of the intervention:
Sustainably Reduce Chronic and Transitory Food Insecurity of 9500 Vulnerable Households in three upazilla in Chittagong district of Bangladesh by 2009
Objectives of the intervention:
Improved availability and economic access to food for targeted vulnerable households through strengthening livelihoods, securing entitlements and enhancing accountability of the service providers

Technical awareness development session
Activities:
Agriculture: 30% in agriculture
a. Provide agriculture based Training & input support (saline tolerance paddy & vegetable seeds)

b. Linkage building with service providers through contact & information sharing
Comprehensive homestead development: 20% in CHD
a. Training on Homestead vegetable gardening & input support
b. Training Homestead agro forestry & input support
c. Training on Poultry raring & input support
d. Organic fertilizer Production & uses.
e. Private Training for hardcore poor for income generation and community support (it will cover advance poultry rearing and basic treatment of cows and goats)
f. Goat Rearing Training & input support.
g. Linkage building with service providers through contact & information sharing

Fisheries in 30%
a. Training on Fish management & pond preparation
b. Input distribution(fingerling, Net, other input)
c. Linkage building with service providers through contact & information sharing
Income generating activities: IGA in 20%
a. Training on various IGA both for new option and value adding based on the skill and interest of the group (Mora, pati, cap & bag making, paper bag beef fattening, fishing -net making, , mushroom, candle making, etc. ) on the basis of market demand (2 day long )
b. Provide input support on IGA
c. Linkage building and input support to get involved into income generating activities
d. Grassroots Employment opportunity fair & sharing meeting
e. Training on savings and self help credit management for group members.
f. Establishment of self-help saving group.

Market access enhanced:
g. Identification of rural market to be developed / upgraded Construction of market place
h. Enterprise development & business management training for woman 5 day
i. Channeling Input to the interested entrepreneurs in the sectors of candle making, mushroom cultivation, village nursery, confectionary, crop grinding.
j. Vaccinator training for HCP female
k. Linkage building with other entrepreneurs and service providers including financial investing institutions

Donor: Care Bangladesh
Working area: District: Chittagong
Upazilla Sitakunda, Chandanish and Saatkania
Number of Staff:
Male: 149 Female: 256 Total: 405
Budget: Tk. 6,39,60,176
Project Period: January 2006 to February 2010
Achievements:
CODEC SHOUHARDO provides direct inputs support to 9091 households in the working areas. Conduct 24 ECD centers for Children, Operate 9 EKATA Group to enhance awareness on women rights. To address the moderate and severe malnutrition, 3605 pregnant & lactating mothers had been provided ration for supplementary feeding & focused nutrition education. Resource mapping, Risk Resource Identification and Analysis, Disaster Contingency Plan were completed. A significant numbers of infrastructure work such as installation of the tube-well, repairing of the access road, school field and hard-core poor homestead rising were also completed. SHOUHARDO had many Activities in Union parished and upazilla like service provider workshop, workshop with UP standing committees, workshop with NNPC, UDMC, Upazilla Coordination meeting, Upazilla health service provider workshop, workshop with women affair department etc. Under the Livelihood interventions the below activities were done:
a. Provide Five day long Foundation Training for 49 Community Agriculture Volunteers
b. Four days long Training and provided input on Comprehensive Homestead Development for 2482 target beneficiaries/participants
c. Two day long Training on Field crops and provided input 2492 for target beneficiaries/ participants
d. Two day long Training on Fish Culture and Capture and provided input 1448 for target beneficiaries/ participants
e. Two day long Training on different IGA and provided input 2669 for target beneficiaries/participants
f. Training on Para vat develop for 8 potential/ interested participants
g. Training on Saving & credit management for 407 participants
h. Training on Village Nursery Develop & management for 51 participants
i. Training on Enterprise & Market Access Development for 26 Women Entrepreneur.
j. Training for Deviant farmer on field crop/ fisheries/CHD/ propagator for 125 participants
k. Provide milky cow among 106 beneficiary
l. Inputs Support for 49 Agri. Volunteer demo. plots
m. Organized 24 Service provider fair
n. Organized 3 Workshop on fishing rights at Upazilla& district level
o. Organized 5 Stage drama on fishing
p. Organized 36 Union level Service provider workshop
Finally show the result that at begging of SOUHARDO there were ex poor 3322 households and Poor 5769 house hold. After SHOUHARDO the scenario has been changed. Now the number of ex poor households is 2149, Poor households are 4873. It is also identified that 2069 poor and extreme poor house has changed their status as lower middle class 2054 households and middle class 15 households.
Learning’s:
a. More emphasis should be put on the effective participation of the local Govt. institution & the Govt. Service Providers.
b. To increase the long-term food security for the vulnerable households, SHOUHARDO project should strengthen the VDC as an institution.
c. To build up effective liaison with the community people so that they will become proactive and self-motivated volunteers to render services for the society.
d. SHOUHARDO program should play more responsive role to environmental changes in the coastal region.
e. Community people feel easy when they find the facilitators as a sincere partner of the development initiatives.
f. Effective and efficient Union Parishad can play a vital role in the poverty alleviation of the locality. So we should take such kind of activities to activate the Union Parishad Standing Committee as well as the other Special Committee
Challenges:
a. CODEC-SHOUHARDO is emphasizing organic farming to save the nature from the environmental Disaster. It is a great challenge of CODEC-SHOUHARDO program to motivate the farmers to use the liquid fertilizer appropriately & for the quick preparation of compost as organic farming.
b. Some time scarcity of supply of inputs (like HYV paddy seeds) in the market we faced several problems to procure the input.
c. Some rich families were listed as occupational group Participants. CODEC has no authority to review the list.
d. The input support for one family is for once. Some families are suffered due to natural climates or loss of inputs but these families do not have any further possibilities to get support.
e. Very small scale input support will be less sustainable & less visible in the long run program. The impact of such amount to be disabused will be negligible.
f. While the Agriculture Sector of the Government and some other organizations like BRAC are highly saying in favor of the Hi-breed, it is our great challenge to motivate the farmers to use the local HYV (High Yielding Variety) instead of Hi-breed.
Improvement of Human Security in the Communities of Ukhia and Teknaf Upazilas,
Cox’s Bazar in Bangladesh(2000)
Ms. Donna Clay , project Manager giving away the scholarship to a adolescent
Introduction:
Ukhia and Teknaf Upazilas are adjoined with Myanmar border. Myanmar refugees, Rohinga, are big communities in Ukhia and Teknaf Upazilas. The migration has various impacts in their livelihood and social consequences for both the local and Rohinga communities. Since 1992 residents of the refugee camps in Cox’s Bazar have received support from United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) and in some instances from International Organizations (IOs) and Non-Government Organizations (NGOs). Services in health, food, nutrition, sanitation, education and skills training are provided by UNHCR, the Government of Bangladesh (GoB), IOs, INGOs/NGOs as well as national agencies. But the population those are living around the camps their lives and livelihood conditions are deteriorating day by day as the alternative job opportunities are very limited. This is compounded by low levels of development within the surrounding communities and the lack of access to basic services. They are particularly vulnerable to a range of threats which impact on the population’s ability to achieve at least a minimum standard in quality of life. The project interventions targeted 3,900 direct beneficiaries and 5,470 indirect beneficiaries and intended activities which focused on skills training, alternative employment generation, education support, awareness building and community mobilization. It particularly emphasized on vulnerable women and men, disadvantaged groups and adolescent boys and girls both drop out & attending school.

Project Goal and Objectives
Goal: To improve human security in the communities of Ukhia and Teknaf Upazilas, Cox’s Bazar in Bangladesh.

Objective B.1: To improve livelihood opportunities in communities of Ukhia and Teknaf.
Objective B.2: To increase the capacity of women in communities of Ukhia and Teknaf to address Sexual and Gender Based Violence (SGBV).
Objective B.3: To increase the leadership capacity of youth in communities of Ukhia and Teknaf.

Activities:
• Baseline Survey
• Skills Development Training
• Formation of Women Group
• Training on SGBV and Leadership Development
• Access to Justice
• Scholarship Distribution
• Workshops on Negative Effects of SGBV
• Information, Education and Communication (IEC) Materials development
• Stage Drama Addressing SGBV
• Youth Development Program
• Creative and News Writing Course
• Youth-led Network

Donor: Austcare, Australia.
Working Area:
District: Cox’s Bazar.
Upazilla :Ukhiya and Taknef. Union: Kutooplang and Hnila

Staff: 10 Male.
Budget: Tk. 1, 08, 57, 861

Project Period: January – December 2000.

Achievements:
• Determined the target beneficiaries through a door to door survey.
• Select 543 extreme and 2165 poor HH in the targeted community.
• 48 vulnerable women received tailoring training for six months long and provided sewing machine, iron, instruments, thread and cloths individually.
• 21 youths received training for six months on electric wiring and provided individual tool box comprising 16 items of related instruments.
• 21 youths received training on electronic i.e. mobile repairing. Every participant received individual tool box comprising 17 items of respective instruments.
• 43 youths received training on motor mechanics. Everybody received individual tool box comprising 24 items of related instruments.
• 05 youths received training on motor cycle repairing Each of participants received individual tool box comprising 21 items of related instruments.
• The women groups were organized and meet fortnightly to discuss about their life and livelihoods.
• Community female participated in sexual and gender based violence awareness training program.
• Sexual and gender based violence victims provided through referral mechanism.
• 105 underprivileged girls received scholarship support amounting BDT 535,500 for continuation their education and prevent early marriage.
• The extended community sensitized on sexual and gender based violence through workshops in District, Upazilla and Union level.
• Awareness developed the IEC material.
• Developed adolescents awareness on personal hygienic, health and sanitation, poverty, behavioral change, reproductive health, HIV/AIDS, child rights, women rights, birth registration, marriage registration, early marriage, polygamy, dowry, divorce, gender equity, local arbitration, environment and disaster, Income Generation Activities (IGAs), linkage with local government and non-government organizations. Center based cultural activities and livelihood trainings have been arranged.
• Adolescent girls were developed leadership through training.
• Youth-led network have been arranged through participation of adolescent girls.
• Establish Collaboration and Coordination among the national and international in the community: UNHCR , UNIECF, Concern world wide, Austcare, CODEC, WFP, and ACF etc.

Learning’s:
• In depth socio-economic and cultural context analysis before designing a project particularly to set the duration of the project.
• Skill development training increases livelihood opportunities as well as increases social esteem of vulnerable women and youths in the communities.
• Adolescent girls will transfer their knowledge to others and will be a “changemaker” in future.
• Analyze local market opportunities, at the beginning of the project, for proper placement of the trainees.
• Local value and norms (especially cultural aspects) should be considered in project implementation strategies.
• Arrange SGBV session especially on eve-teasing with the participationof guardian and community leaders at ward level.
Challenges:
• The duration of the project is limited in compare with the objectives and focus of the project.
• It was difficult to follow-up the regular attendance of trainees in different trade. Few trainees were absent for some days because family members depend on their (such trainees’)earnings.
• At first, religious leaders were against Shonglap program and networking of adolescent girls. However, after few days they appreciated Shonglap program after realization its importance.
• Host communities and refugees have negative attitude each other and that creates social unrest and tension in the both communities.
Conclusion:
Rice and fish are the most important staple crops as well as food in Coastal Bangladesh. However, average land holdings are less than a quarter of a hectare and inefficient and harmful farming practices have contributed to increased soil erosion, increased soil salinity and decreased fertility, undermining yields. About 15 percent of the available crop land in the Coastal area of Bangladesh is not used because of soil salinity and water logging, or left fallow for other reasons. To adapt to these changes and mitigate losses in traditional agriculture, farmers engage in commercial shrimp cultivation during the agricultural off-season, leading to further degradation of agricultural land by increasing salinity, and negatively impacting traditional fishing by affecting the ecology of rivers and streams through increased siltation. At the same time, women’s contributions to food production are limited, that result in poor access to and control over productive resources; women have lower access than their male counterparts to the knowledge, information, and services necessary to increase production and livelihood diversity. Rain patterns have become increasing variable, and extreme weather events have become more frequent. Experts estimate that these factors will have increasingly detrimental impacts on rice production and food availability in general, especially among rural farming families. Cyclones in the Bay of Bengal are occurring more frequently due to increasing temperatures, and the peak intensity of cyclones may increase by 5 percent to 10 percent than last centaury.
Considering the situation CODEC will use an integrated approach along with leadership of Government of Bangladesh and financial/technical support of international organizations by directly incorporating environmental safeguards and activities that will address the potential negative and unintended environmental consequences, as well as strengthen systems and structures at the community and household level to respond more broadly to contextual environmental and climate risks.
CODEC will also address all these issues through close communication with the coastal population, Government of Bangladesh and International agencies to eradicate extreme vulnerability along the coast. Moreover, CODEC is committed to mainstream women & youths to increase their income and access to nutritious food through education, agriculture and alternative livelihoods with an emphasis on approaches with potential for their high involvement.